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Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 5, Supplement 1, pp S59–S69 | Cite as

The service/education conflict in residency programs

A model for resolution
  • Steven A. Wartman
  • Patricia S. O’Sullivan
  • Michele G. Cyr
Barriers And Conflicts

Abstract

Residency programs consist of a range of activities involving service to patients and education of residents. The observation that a conflict exists between the service and education components of residency is widespread and has been used to explain many of the problems afflicting such programs today. The authors believe that the service/education conflict is a significant barrier to change in residency programs. A model is presented for residency education that reorganizes the service and education components. First, they present a broad overview of the conflict. Then they provide a brief historical perspective and comment on some of the current recommendations for residency programs. Next, they discuss how principles of adult learning relate to residency and propose a new model of residency that adheres more closely to these principles. Finally, the proposed model is presented in some detail and its implications are discussed. Only if the service and education components of residency are carefully delineated can residency programs adapt to the changing and growing needs of postgraduate medical education.

Key words

ambulatory care education residency teaching 

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Copyright information

© Society of General Internal Medicine 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Steven A. Wartman
    • 1
  • Patricia S. O’Sullivan
  • Michele G. Cyr
  1. 1.Division of General Internal MedicineRhode Island HospitalProvidence

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