Bulletin Volcanologique

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 153–156 | Cite as

An example of health hazard: People killed by gas during a phreatic eruption: Diëng plateau (Java, Indonesia), February 20th 1979

  • F. Le Guern
  • H. Tazieff
  • R. Faivre Pierret
Article

Abstract

On February 20th, 1979, 142 inhabitants of Dieng Plateau (Indonesia) were asphyxiated by poisonous gases during a mild phreatic eruption. From later fields gas collection and analysis, the casualties are considered to be due to CO2 rich volcanic gases.

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References

  1. Berita Berkala Vulkanologi,Bulletin of the Volcanological Survey of Indonesia for the Year 1960,103, 1978, 19–21.Google Scholar
  2. Le Guern, F., Gerlach, T. M., 1979a, High Temperature Gases from Merapi Volcano, Indonesia Application of a New Techniques for Field Gas Measurements. Pacific Northwest American Geophysical Union Meeting, Bend, Oregon, 17–18 Sept. 1979.Google Scholar
  3. ——, 1979 b,Analyse directe des gaz volcanologiques. C. R. Acad. Sc. Paris,288, série D. p. 867–870.Google Scholar
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Copyright information

© Intern. Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Le Guern
    • 1
  • H. Tazieff
    • 2
  • R. Faivre Pierret
    • 3
  1. 1.C.F.R. — Lab. mixte CNRS-CEADomaine du CNRGif sur YvetteFrance
  2. 2.Commissariat à l’Etude et à la Prévention des Risques naturels majeursParisFrance
  3. 3.L.E.E.M.S. C.E.N.G., av. des MartyrsGrenobleFrance

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