Bulletin Volcanologique

, Volume 45, Issue 2, pp 153–156 | Cite as

An example of health hazard: People killed by gas during a phreatic eruption: Diëng plateau (Java, Indonesia), February 20th 1979

  • F. Le Guern
  • H. Tazieff
  • R. Faivre Pierret


On February 20th, 1979, 142 inhabitants of Dieng Plateau (Indonesia) were asphyxiated by poisonous gases during a mild phreatic eruption. From later fields gas collection and analysis, the casualties are considered to be due to CO2 rich volcanic gases.


Indonesia Steam Explosion Geothermal System Hydrocyanic Acid Threshold Limit Value 
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  5. United States Federal Register, 1970,36. N. 105.Threshold Limit Values of Airborne Contaminants for 1970 Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Intern. Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. Le Guern
    • 1
  • H. Tazieff
    • 2
  • R. Faivre Pierret
    • 3
  1. 1.C.F.R. — Lab. mixte CNRS-CEADomaine du CNRGif sur YvetteFrance
  2. 2.Commissariat à l’Etude et à la Prévention des Risques naturels majeursParisFrance
  3. 3.L.E.E.M.S. C.E.N.G., av. des MartyrsGrenobleFrance

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