Journal of General Internal Medicine

, Volume 9, Issue 4, pp 232–236 | Cite as

Electrolyte and acid-base disorders associated with AIDS

An etiologic review
  • Mark A. Perazella
  • Eric Brown
Clinical Review


In summary, patients with HIV infection may develop a bewildering variety of electrolyte and acid-base disturbances. Hyponatremia from many causes is common and associated with an increased mortality. Potassium disorders are frequent, with hyperkalemia, even to life-threatening levels, more common than hypokalemia. Disturbances in calcium and uric acid homeostasis are less frequent. Acid-base disorders also complicate the clinical course of AIDS and, as with the electrolyte perturbations, may result from HIV infection itself, the illnesses associated with AIDS, or medications.


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Copyright information

© the Society of General Internal Medicine 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark A. Perazella
    • 1
  • Eric Brown
    • 2
  1. 1.Yale Primary Care Residency Program, Department of MedicineSt. Mary’s HospitalWaterbury
  2. 2.the Department of Medicine, Section of NephrologyYale University School of MedicineNew Haven

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