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Bulletin Volcanologique

, Volume 37, Issue 3, pp 338–364 | Cite as

Studies of volcanic ash from two recent Central American eruptions

  • W. I. RoseJr.
  • S. Bonis
  • R. E. Stoiber
  • M. Keller
  • T. Bickford
Article

Abstract

The 1971 eruptions of Cerro Negro volcano in Nicaragua and Fuego volcano in Guatemala produced ash blankets with minimum volumes of 7 × 107 m3 and 6 × 107 m3, respectively. Seven new chemical analyses show that ash produced by both eruptions was basaltic and similar to previously — erupted lavas of both volcanoes. Both ash blankets were sampled areally and stratigraphically before they were affected by rain. Chemical analyses of soluble materials leached from these ashes show that near the end of both eruptions the concentrations of soluble materials increased by about an order of magnitude. These changes are believed to reflect changes in the composition of eruptive gases.

Keywords

Tephra Soluble Material Vulcanian Explosion Hekla Eruption Fuego Volcano 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Stabilimento Tipografico Francesco Gianni & Figli 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. I. RoseJr.
    • 1
  • S. Bonis
    • 2
  • R. E. Stoiber
    • 3
  • M. Keller
    • 3
  • T. Bickford
    • 3
  1. 1.Michigan Technological UniversityHoughtonU.S.A.
  2. 2.Instituto Geográfico NacionalGuatemala
  3. 3.Dartmouth CollegeHanoverU.S.A.

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