Bulletin Volcanologique

, Volume 36, Issue 1, pp 251–265 | Cite as

Jebel Marra, a dormant volcano in Darfur Province, Western Sudan

  • J. R. Vail


The geology of the Tertiary-Recent Marra mountains is shown on photogeological maps and described using data from short field visits and from previous literature. The 200 km long mass is aligned N-S parallel to basement trends; it comprises a stratified complex 2000 m thick of olivine basalts, pyroclastics and trachytes. Coarse detrital deposits testify to concomitant erosion. The spectacular Deriba caldera contains a deep crater lake and associated hot springs and fumeroles. The Marra mountains lie at the intersection of two transcontinental tectono-volcanic zones, ENE from Cameroon to Red Sea and SSE from Libya to Kenya.


Volcanic Rock Sudan Tufa Crater Lake Volcanic Field 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Almond, D. C., Ahmed, F. andKhalil, B. E., 1969,An excursion to the Bayuda volcanic field of northern Sudan. Bull. Volcan.,33, p. 549–565.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Al Tunisi, Muhamed Ibn, 1845,Voyage au Darfur. Chez Benjamin Duport, Paris.Google Scholar
  3. Andrew, G., 1948,Geology of the Sudan, inTothill, J. D., Editor,Agriculture in the Sudan, University Press, Oxford.Google Scholar
  4. Babiker, I. M., 1971,Geology of Sheet 54-F, Tagabo Hills. Geol. Surv. Sudan Mem.,4.Google Scholar
  5. Burton, A. N. andWickens, G. E., 1966,Jebel Marra volcano, Sudan. Nature, Lond.,210, p. 1146–1147.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Coulon, C. andReyre, Y., 1968,Contribution à l’étude du volcanisme postérieur aux Grés de Nubie, dans la partie centrale du Darfur (Soudan). C. R. Acad. Sci., Paris,266, p. 1821–1824.Google Scholar
  7. Edwards, W. N., 1926,Fossil plants from the Nubian Sandstone of eastern Darfur. Quart. J. geol. Soc. Lond.,82, p. 94–100.Google Scholar
  8. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, 1968,Land and Water resources survey in the Jebel Marra area, the Sudan, Final Report, FAO/SF:48/SUD-17, Rome.Google Scholar
  9. Gillan, J. A., 1918,Jebel Marra and the Deriba Lakes. Sudan Notes and Records,1, p. 263–267.Google Scholar
  10. Hammerton, D., 1966,Hot springs and fumeroles at Jebel Marra, Sudan. Nature, Lond.,209, p. 1290.Google Scholar
  11. —————, 1968,Recent discoveries in the caldera of Jebel Marra. Sudan Notes and Records,49, p. 136–148.Google Scholar
  12. Hobbs, H. F. C., 1918,Notes on Jebel Marra, Darfur. Geogr. Journ.,52, p. 357–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hunting Technical Services Ltd., 1958,Jebel Marra investigations. Report on Phase I Studies. Report to Ministry of Irrigation and Hydro-Electric Power and Ministry of Agriculture, Government of the Republic of Sudan.Google Scholar
  14. Illies, J. H., 1969,An intercontinental belt of the World rift system. Tectonophysics,8, p. 5–29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Lebon, J. H. G. andRobertson, V. C., 1961,The Jebel Marra, Darfur, and its region. Geogr. J.,127, p. 30–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lynes, H., 1921,Notes on the natural history of Jebel Marra. Sudan Notes and Records,4, p. 119–137.Google Scholar
  17. ————— andCampbell Smith, W., 1921,Preliminary note on the rocks of Darfur. Geol. Mag.,68, p. 206–215.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Nachtigal, G., 1875,Dar For, die neue Agyptische Provinz, und Dr. Nachtigal’s Forschungen zwischen Kuku und Chartum. Petermann’s Geogr. Mitt.,8, p. 281–286.Google Scholar
  19. Reyre, Y., 1967,Missions au Dar-fur, 1967. Géologie. Dossiers de la Recherche Cooperative sur Programme No. 45. Cent. Nat. Rech. Sci. Paris.Google Scholar
  20. Sandford, K. S., 1935,Geological observations on the north-west frontiers of the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and the adjoining part of the southern Libyan Desert. Quart. J. Geol. Soc. Lond.,91, p. 323–381.Google Scholar
  21. —————, 1935,Extinct volcanoes and associated intrusions in the Libyan Desert. Trans. Roy. Geol. Soc. Cornwall,16, p. 331–358.Google Scholar
  22. Tilho, J., 1917,Exploration du commandant Tilho en Afrique Centrale. Borkou — Ennedi — Tibesti — Darfur 1912–17. La Géographie,31, p. 401–417.Google Scholar
  23. Vail, J. R., 1971a, Dyke swarms and volcanic activity in NE Africa. Proc. Symp. Geol. of Libya, Tripoli 1969.Google Scholar
  24. -----, 1971b, Geological reconnaissance in part of Berber District, Northern Province, Sudan. Bull. Geol. Surv. Sudan,18.Google Scholar
  25. ————— andRex, D. C., 1971,Potassium-argon age determinations from pre-Nubian basement of Sudan. Proc. geol. Soc. Lond.,1664, p. 205–214.Google Scholar
  26. Whiteman, A. J., 1971,Geology of Sudan Republic. Clarendon Press, Oxford.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Stabilimento Tipografico Francesco Giannini & Figli 1972

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Vail
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of GeologyUniversity of KhartoumSudan

Personalised recommendations