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Deep—Reaching gravitational deformations of high mountain slopes

  • Mahr T. 
Theme 2 Deep-Reaching Gravitational Deformations of Mountain Slopes Relationship Between Tectonic and Gravitational Deformations Technical-Economic Importance of These Deformations for Engineering Structures Reports of Panelists

Summary

Some of the high mountain slopes are affected by deep-reaching gravitational deformations. Significant geomorphological manifestations of these deformations were described from many high mountain ranges of the world. The type of deformation depends on the geological structure of the slope. During the last ten years various opinions on the movement mechanism of these slope deformations have been expressed and schematic cross-sections drawn. Dips of slope deformations are given within the range of 18o to 50o. A whole series of factors may be responsible for the origin of these deformations. Deep-reaching gravitational deformations can cause serious economic damage.

Keywords

Rock Mass Shear Plane Mountain Ridge Slope Movement Slope Deformation 

Déformations gravitationnelles profondes des versants de haute montagne

Résumé

Certains des versants de haute montagne sont atteints de déformations gravitationnelles profondes. D’importantes manifestations morphologiques de ces déformations furent décrites dans de nombreuses chaînes de montagnes du monde. Le type de déformation dépend de la constitution du versant. Au cours des dix dernières années diverses opinions sur le mécanisme de ces déformations de versants ont été présentées et des profiles schématiques dessinés. Les inclinaisons des versants en déformation sont données dans l’étendue de 18o à 50o. On avait décrit toute une série de facteurs qui peuvent causer ces déformations. Les déformations gravitationnelles profondes peuvent être la cause de sérieux dommages économiques.

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Copyright information

© International Association of Engineering Geology 1977

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahr T. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Slovak Technical UniversityBratislavaCzechoslovakia

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