The Argentine radioactive waste respository: Basic criteria, preliminary siting and design conceptual basis

  • D. J. Beninson
  • A. J. González
  • E. Palacios
  • N. R. Ciallella
Article

Abstract

At the end of the seventies. The Argentine authorities decided to explore alternatives for disposing of the high-level radioactive wastes that would eventually be generated by the country's nuclear programme. This programme involves nuclear power reactors that will generate an integrated electrical energy of a fraction of a terawatt year by the end of the century (1). The country's programme also foresees the reprocessing of the spent fuel.

The paper describes the basic criteria adopted by the Argentine authorities for the disposal of high-level wastes. On the basis of these criteria. a site in stable, unfractured granite was selected for detailed studies, near Gastre. Province of Chubut, out of about 200 potential sites. This site has been thoroughly investigated and its suitability has been validated. On the other hand, work has progressed on the design of the future repository.

Le stockage des dechets radioactifs en Argentine: Principes de base, choix des sites et conception des travaux

Résumé

A la fin des années 1970, les autorités argentines ont décidé d'étudier les possibilités de stockage des déchets à radioactivité élevée qui pourraient être produits par le programme nucléaire du pays. Ce programme comprend des réacteurs de centrales nucléaires qui produiront une énergie électrique annuelle de l'ordre d'un terawatt par an vers la fin du siècle. Le programme prévoit aussi le retraitement du combustible utilisé.

La présente communication décrit les critères de base établis par les autorités argentines pour le stockage des déchets à radioactivité élevée. A partir de ces critères, un site a été choisi parmi 200 possibles dans un granite stable, non fracturé, situé dans la province de Chubut, Patagonie. Ce site a été étudié en détail et la faisabilité du stoccage vérifièe. D'autre part, les études concernant la réalisation des travaux proprement dits. ont été poursuivies.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. [1]
    BENINSON D., MIGLIORI de BENINSON A.: Radiological collective dose commitments from the disposal of high level radioactive wastes. INFCE/WG/7/7 Buenos Aires, 1978.Google Scholar
  2. [2]
    MIGLIORI de BENINSON A., PALACIOS E.: Politica en materia de gestión de desechos y su aplicación en Argentina. IAEA-SM-43/121. International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management. Seattle, Washington (USA). May 16–20, 1983.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    PALACIOS E. et al: Bases conceptuales para la construcción de un repositorio en Argentina. IAEA-SM-43/439 International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management. Seattle, Washington (USA) May 16–20, 1983.Google Scholar
  4. [4]
    ICRP Publication 26. 3rd. ed.: Oxford, Pergamon Press. Annals of the ICRP v. 1: No. 3, 1977.Google Scholar
  5. [5]
    ICRP Publication 46: Radiation Protection Principles for the Disposal of Solid Radioactive Waste. A report of Committee 4 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection, ed Oxford, Pergamon Press, 1985.Google Scholar
  6. [6]
    BENINSON D., LINDELL B.: Application of ICRP recommendations to radioactive waste isolation. IAEA-CN-43/43. International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management Seattle, Washington (USA) May 16–20, 1983.Google Scholar
  7. [7]
    BENINSON D., GONZALEZ A.J.: Radiological protection criteria for radioactive waste repositories. Proceedings of the IRPA 6 th. International Congress. Berlin (FRG) May 7–12, 1984.Google Scholar
  8. [8]
    Internacional Atomic Emergy Agency: Safety Series No. 9 STI/PUB/607. Vienna 1982. 172 p.Google Scholar
  9. [9]
    BENINSON D.: Limitation of future radiation exposure from the present operation of nuclear fuel cycle installations. The dose limitation system in the nuclear fuel cycle and in radiation protection. Proceedings of Symposium. Madrid, October 19–23, 1981. pp. 565–574. IAEA. Vienna, 1982.Google Scholar
  10. [10]
    MIGLIORI de BENINSON A. CANCIO D.: Impacto radiológico de la gestión de residuos radioactivos del Plan Nuclear Argentino. IAEA-SM-43/118. International Conference on Radioactive Waste Management. Seattle. Washington (USA), May 16–20, 1983.Google Scholar
  11. [11]
    United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation. 1982 Report to the General Assembly, with annexes. New York, United Nations, 1982. 773 p.Google Scholar
  12. [12]
    CALIN: Criterios radiológicos relativos a accidentes. Norma CALIN 3.1.3. CNEA, Argentina 1979.Google Scholar
  13. [13]
    GONZALEZ A.J.: International Meeting on Thermal Nuclear Reactor Safety, Chicago, Aug. 29–Sept. 2, 1982. NUREG/CP0027.Google Scholar
  14. [14]
    PALACIOS E.et al: Analysis for the siting of a repository in Argentina. IAEA-SR-104/1. Seminar on the site investigation techniques and assessment methods for underground disposal of radioactive wastes. Sofia, Bulgaria. 6–10 Feb 1984.Google Scholar
  15. [15]
    CASTRO C.et al.: Plutones graniticos: panorama nacional de San Juan (UNSJ). San Juan, Argentine 1980.Google Scholar
  16. [16]
    REGAIRAZ A. et al: Investigaciones sobre antecedentes de cuerpos intensivos graniticos de la Rep Argentina. Instituto de Investigaciones Geológicas. Universidad Nacional de San Juan. (UNSJ). San Juan, Argentina. 1980.Google Scholar
  17. [17]
    PERUCCA J.C., CASTRO C.: Plutones graniticos: cuerpos seleccionados. Instituto de Investigaciones geológicas. Universidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ). San Juan, Argentina, 1981.Google Scholar
  18. [18]
    MATAR J.A., PERUCCA J.C.: Convalidación preliminar del intrusivo. Instituto de Investigaciones Mineras, Universidad Nacional de San Juan. (UNSJ) San Juan, Argentina, 1983.Google Scholar
  19. [19]
    PERUCCA J.C.: Recursos mineros potenciales. Instituto de Investigaciones Mineras, Universidad Nacional de San Juan. (UNSJ) San Juan, Argentina, 1983.Google Scholar
  20. [20]
    MATAR J.et al.: Selección del emplazamiento de las perforaciones profundas. Instituto de Investigaciones Mineras, Universidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ) San Juan, Argentina, 1983.Google Scholar
  21. [21]
    REGAIRAZ A.et al.: Geomorfologia. Instituto de Investigaciones Mineras, Uniersidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ) San Juan, Argentina. 1983.Google Scholar
  22. [22]
    CEBRELLI E.et al.: Geofísica del intrusivo. Instituto de Investigaciones Mineras, Universidad Nacional de San Juan (INSJ) San Juan, Argentina. 1985.Google Scholar
  23. [23]
    MATAR J.et al.: Perforaciones profundas. Instituto de Investigaciones Mineras, Universidad Nacional de San Juan (UNSJ). San Juan, Argentina. 1985.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© International Association of Engineering Geology 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. J. Beninson
    • 1
  • A. J. González
    • 1
  • E. Palacios
    • 1
  • N. R. Ciallella
    • 1
  1. 1.Comisión Nacional de Energia AtómicaBuenos AiresArgentina

Personalised recommendations