Sexuality and Disability

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 191–201 | Cite as

Sexual response in women with complete spinal cord injury

  • Beverly Whipple
  • Eleanor Richards
  • Mitchell Tepper
  • Barry R. Komisaruk


There is still much we do not know about sexuality and women with SCI. Nevertheless, positive steps are being taken to learn more about the physiological and interpersonal aspects of sexuality. Ultimately, these efforts will enhance the quality of life for women with SCI.

Key Words

spinal cord injury sexual response women 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Addiego, F., Belzer, E.G., Comolli, J., Moger, W., Perry, J.D., & Whipple, B. (1981). Female ejaculation: A case study.Journal of Sex Research, 17, 99–100.Google Scholar
  2. Axel, S.J. (1982). Spinal cord injured women's concerns: Menstruation and pregnancy.Rehabilitation Nursing, 7, 10–15.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Berard, E.J.J. (1989). The sexuality of spinal cord injured women: Physiology and pathophysiology: A review.Paraplegia, 27, 99–112.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Billings, D.M., & Stokes, L.G. (1982).Medical surgical nursing. St. Louis: C.V. Mosby.Google Scholar
  5. Bregman, S., & Hadley, R.G. (1976). Sexual adjustment and feminine attractiveness among spinal cord injured women.Archives of Physical Medicine, 57, 448–450.Google Scholar
  6. Charlifue, S.W., Gerhart, K.A., Menter, R.R., & Whiteneck, G.G. (1992). Sexual issues of women with spinal cord injuries.Paraplegia, 30, 192–199.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Kettl, P., Zarefoss, S., Jacoby, K., Garman, C., Hulse, C., Rowley, F., Corey, R., Sredy, M., Bixler, E., & Tyson, K. (1991). Female sexuality after spinal cord injury.Sexuality and Disability, 9(4), 287–295.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Masters, W., & Johnson, V. (1966).Human sexual response. Boston: Little, Brown & Co.Google Scholar
  9. Money, J. (1960). Phantom orgasm in the dreams of paraplegic men and women.Archives of General Psychiatry, 3, 373–382.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  10. Perduta-Fulginiti, P.S. (1992). Sexual functioning of women with complete spinal cord injury: Nursing implications.Sexuality and Disability, 10(2), 103–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Perry, J.D., & Whipple, B. (1981). Pelvic muscle strength of female ejaculators: Evidence in support of a new theory of orgasm.Journal of Sex Research, 17, 22–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sandowski, C. (1976). Sexuality and the paraplegic.Rehabilitation Literature, 37(11–12), 322–327.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. Sipski, M.L. (1991). Spinal cord injury: What is the effect on sexual response?Journal of the American Paraplegia Society, 14(2), 40–43.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Sipski, M.L., Komisaruk, B.R., Whipple, B., & Alexander, C.J. (1993). Physiological responses associated with orgasm in the spinal cord injured female.Proceedings of the American Academy of Physiological Medicine and Rehabilitation, 74, 1270.Google Scholar
  15. Szasz, G. (1992). Sexual health care. In C.P. Zejdlik (Ed.),Management of spinal cord injury (pp. 175–201). Boston: Iones and Bartlett Publishers.Google Scholar
  16. Timmers, P.O. (1976). Treating goal-directed intimacy.Social Work, 401–402.Google Scholar
  17. Whipple, B. (1987). Sexual counseling of couples after a mastectomy or a myocardial infarction.Nursing Forum, 23(3), 85–91.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Whipple, B. (1990). Female sexuality. In J.F.J. Leyson (Ed.),Sexual rehabilitation of the spinal cord-injured patient (pp. 19–38), Clifton, NJ: Humana Press.Google Scholar
  19. Whipple, B., & Gick, R. (1980). A holistic view of sexuality: Education for the health professional.Topics in Clinical Nursing, 1, 91–98.Google Scholar
  20. Whipple, B., & Komisaruk, B.R. (1985). Elevation of pain threshold by vaginal stimulation in women.Pain, 21, 357–367.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Whipple, B., & Komisaruk, B.R. (1988). Analgesia produced in women by genital self-stimulation.Journal of Sex Research, 24, 130–140.Google Scholar
  22. Whipple, B. & Komisaruk, B.R. (1993). Current research trends in spinal cord injuries. In F.P. Haseltine S.S. Cole, & D.B. Gray (Eds.),Reproductive issues for persons with physical disabilities (pp. 197–207), Baltimore: Paul H. Brookes.Google Scholar
  23. Whipple, B., Ogden, G., & Komisaruk, B.R. (1992). Relative analgesic effect of imagery compared to genital self-stimulation.Archives of Sexual Behavior, 21, 121–133.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Beverly Whipple
    • 1
  • Eleanor Richards
    • 1
  • Mitchell Tepper
    • 1
  • Barry R. Komisaruk
    • 1
  1. 1.Rutgers State University of New JerseyNewark

Personalised recommendations