Lipids

, Volume 31, Issue 12, pp 1269–1276

Differential inhibitory effects of garlic-derived organosulfur compounds on cholesterol biosynthesis in primary rat hepatocyte cultures

  • Rolf Gebhardt
  • Halgund Beck
Article

Abstract

Using primary rat hepatocyte cultures, the potency of several garlic-derived organosulfur compounds to inhibit cholesterol biosynthesisin toto as well as at early and late steps of this metabolic pathway was compared. Concerning early steps, allicin significantly inhibited incorporation of [14C]acetate into nonsaponifiable neutral lipids already at concentrations as low as 10 µM, while diallyl disulfide and allyl mercaptan were effective above 100 µM only. Likewise, inhibition in response to the two vinyl-dithiins started at 500 µM. If [14C]acetate was replaced by [14C]mevalonate, inhibition due to allicin, diallyl disulfide, and allyl mercaptan disappeared suggesting that HMGCoA-reductase was the target of inhibition. In contrast, for the vinyl-dithiins a stimulation of mevalonate incorporation was found. Concerning the late step, the potency to exert accumulation of lanosterol presumably by inhibiting lanosterol 14α-demethylase decreased in the order allicin>diallyl disulfide>allyl mercaptan=1,3-vinyl-dithiin≫1,2-vinyldithiin, the effect of the latter compound being close to zero. With respect to the total inhibition of [14C]acetate labeling of cholesterol, the half-maximal effective concentration-value of allicin was determined to be 17±2 µM compared to 64±7 µM for diallyl disulfide and to 450±20 µM for allyl mercaptan. Cytotoxicity as determined by the lactate dehydrogenase leakage assay was slightly higher for the two vinyl-dithiins than for diallyl disulfide and allyl mercaptan, but was apparent only at concentrations higher than 10 mM and, consequently, was irrelevant for the effects described. These results demonstrate that different garlic-derived organosulfur compounds interfere differently with cholesterol biosynthesis and, thus, may provoke multiple inhibition of this metabolic pathway in response to garlic consumption. The fact that allicin was the most effective inhibitor argues against the possibility that its degradation products, namely diallyl disulfide or allyl mercapatan, might mediate its effects, a possibility that might be true, however, in the case of the vinyl-dithiins.

Abbreviations

AM

allyl mercaptan

DADS

diallyl disulfide

DMSO

dimethyl sulfoxide

EC50

half-maximal effective concentration

HMGCoA-reductase

hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA-reductase (EC 1.1.1.34)

HPLC

high-performance liquid chromatography

LDH

lactate dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1.27)

SI-TLC

silver-ion-thin-layer chromatography

1,2-VDT

3-vinyl-4H-1,2-dithiin

1,3-VDT

2-vinyl-4H-1,3-dithiin

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Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rolf Gebhardt
    • 1
  • Halgund Beck
    • 1
  1. 1.Physiologisch-chemisches InstitutUniversity of TübingenTübingenGermany

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