Science and Engineering Ethics

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 347–356

How are scientific corrections made?

  • Nelson Yuan-sheng Kiang

DOI: 10.1007/BF02583252

Cite this article as:
Kiang, N.Y. Sci Eng Ethics (1995) 1: 347. doi:10.1007/BF02583252


This paper provides examples drawn from the author’s experience that support the conclusion that errors and deceptions in archival science are often not easily or quickly corrected. The difficulty in correcting errors and deceptions needs wider recognition if it is to be overcome. In addition, the paper discusses how subtle abuses introduce errors into the archival literature.


errors in science scientific replication scientific misbehavior data selection correction of archival records 

Copyright information

© Opragen Publications 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nelson Yuan-sheng Kiang
    • 1
  1. 1.Harvard-M.I.T. Division of Health Sciences and TechnologyCambridgeUSA
  2. 2.Eaton-Peabody LaboratoryMassachusetts Eye and Ear InfirmaryBostonUSA

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