, Volume 1, Issue 1, pp 13–24 | Cite as

Minimal decompositions of graphs into mutually isomorphic subgraphs

  • F. R. K. Chung
  • P. Erdős
  • R. L. Graham


SupposeG n={G 1, ...,G k } is a collection of graphs, all havingn vertices ande edges. By aU-decomposition ofG n we mean a set of partitions of the edge setsE(G t ) of theG i , sayE(G t )==\(\sum\limits_{j = 1}^r {E_{ij} } \) E ij , such that for eachj, all theE ij , 1≦ik, are isomorphic as graphs. Define the functionU(G n) to be the least possible value ofr aU-decomposition ofG n can have. Finally, letU k (n) denote the largest possible valueU(G) can assume whereG ranges over all sets ofk graphs havingn vertices and the same (unspecified) number of edges.

In an earlier paper, the authors showed that
$$U_2 (n) = \frac{2}{3}n + o(n).$$
In this paper, the value ofU k (n) is investigated fork>2. It turns out rather unexpectedly that the leading term ofU k (n) does not depend onk. In particular we show
$$U_k (n) = \frac{3}{4}n + o_k (n),k \geqq 3.$$

AMS subject classification (1980)

05 C 35 


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  1. [1]
    J. A. Bondy andU. S. R. Murty,Graph Theory with Applications, American Elsevier, New York (1976).Google Scholar
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    F. R. K. Chung, P. Erdős, R. L. Graham, S. M. Ulam andF. F. Yao, Minimal decompositions of two graphs into pairwise isomorphic subgraphs,Proc. 10 th Southeastern Conf. on Comb., Graph Th. and Comp., (1979) 3–18.Google Scholar
  3. [3]
    F. Frances Yao, Graph 2-isomorphism isNP-complete,Inf. Proc. Letters 9 (1979) 68–72.zbMATHCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1981

Authors and Affiliations

  • F. R. K. Chung
    • 1
  • P. Erdős
    • 2
  • R. L. Graham
    • 3
  1. 1.Murray HillNew JerseyUSA
  2. 2.Mathematical Institute of the Hungarian Academy of SciencesBudapestHungary
  3. 3.Bell Laboratories Murray HillNew JerseyUSA

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