Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 39, Issue 1, pp 207–216 | Cite as

Investigations on the sheathed bacteriumHaliscomenobacter hydrossis gen.n., sp.n., isolated from activated sludge

  • W. L. van Veen
  • D. van der Kooij
  • E. C. W. A. Geuze
  • A. W. van der Vlies


The morphological and physiological properties of a recently isolated, thin, sheathed bacterium are described. The observations demonstrate that this bacterium differs from the known sheathed microorganisms in many characteristics. The following nomenclature is therefore proposed:Haliscomenobacter hydrossis gen.n. sp.n. The growth of this bacterium in activated sludge is discussed.


Carotenoid Pigment Filamentous Growth Oxidation Ditch Filamentous Microorganism Basal Salt Solution 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Breed, R. S., Murray, E. G. D. andSmith, N. R. 1957. Bergey’s Manual of determinative bacteriology, 7th ed. — The Williams and Wilkins Company, Baltimore.Google Scholar
  2. Corda, A. C. J. 1839. Pracht-Flora Europaeischer Schimmelbildungen. — G. Fleischer, Leipzig 1–55.Google Scholar
  3. Farquhar, G. J. andBoyle, W. C. 1971a. Identification of filamentous microorganisms in activated sludge. — J. Water Pollut. Contr. Fed.43: 604–622.Google Scholar
  4. Farquhar, G. J. andBoyle, W. C. 1971b. Occurrence of filamentous microorganisms in activated sludge. — J. Water Pollut. Contr. Fed.43: 779–798.Google Scholar
  5. Fels, G. andVeatch, R. 1959. Microdetermination of ammonium and protein nitrogen. — Anal. Chem.31: 451–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Hünerberg, K., Sarfert, F. undFrenzel, H. J. 1970. Ein Beitrag zum Problem “Blähschlamm”. — Gas Wasserfach111: 7–10.Google Scholar
  7. Lewin, R. A. 1970a.Flexithrix dorotheae gen. et sp. nov. (Flexibacteriales); and suggestions for reclassifying sheathed bacteria. — Can. J. Microbiol.16: 511–515.Google Scholar
  8. Lewin, R. A. 1970b. NewHerpetosiphon species (Flexibacteriales). — Can. J. Microbiol.16: 517–520.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Migula, W. 1895.Chlamydobacteriaceae.In A. Engler und K. Prantl. 1900. Die natürlichen Pflanzenfamilien I, 1a, 35–40. — Wilhelm Engelmann, Leipzig.Google Scholar
  10. Mulder, E. G. andvan Veen, W. L. 1963. Investigations on theSphaerotilus-Leptothrix group. — Antonie van Leeuwenhoek29: 121–153.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Mulder, E. G., Antheunisse, J. andCrombach, W. H. J. 1971. Microbial aspects of pollution in the food and dairy industries, p. 71–89.In G. Sykes and F. A. Skinner, (eds.), Microbial aspects of pollution, Soc. Appl. Bacteriol. Symp. Series No. 1. — Academic Press, Inc., London.Google Scholar
  12. Painter, H. A. andViney, M. 1959. Composition of a domestic sewage. — Biochem. Microbiol. Tech. Eng.1: 143–162.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Stockdale, H., Ribbons, D. W. andDawes, E. A. 1968. Occurrence of poly-β-hydroxybuty-rate in theAzotobacteriaceae. — J. Bacteriol.95: 1798–1803.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. Trevelyan, W. E. andHarrison, J. S. 1952. Studies on yeast metabolism I. Fractionation and microdetermination of cell carbohydrates. — Biochem. J.50: 298–303.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  15. van Veen, W. L., van der Kooij, D., Geuze, E. C. W. A. andvan der Vlies, A. W. 1971. The classification of a multicellular bacterium isolated from activated sludge. — J. Gen. Microbiol.69: X-XI.Google Scholar
  16. van Veen, W. L. 1973. Bacteriology of activated sludge, in particular the filamentous bacteria. — Antonie van Leeuwenhoek39: 189–205.PubMedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© H. Veenman & Zonen B.V. 1973

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. L. van Veen
    • 1
  • D. van der Kooij
    • 1
  • E. C. W. A. Geuze
    • 1
  • A. W. van der Vlies
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of MicrobiologyAgricultural UniversityWageningenthe Netherlands

Personalised recommendations