Ultrasound-guided lumpectomy of nonpalpable breast cancer versus wire-guided resection: A randomized clinical trial
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The wire-guided excision of nonpalpable breast cancer often results in tumor resections with inadequate margins. This prospective, randomized trial was undertaken to investigate whether intraoperative ultrasound (US) guidance enables a better margin clearance than the wire-guided technique in the breast-conserving treatment of nonpalpable breast cancers.
Patients with a preoperative histological diagnosis of nonpalpable breast cancer that could be visualized both with US and mammography were included. Patients were randomized to undergo either a wire-guided or a US-guided excision. Adequate margins were defined as ≥1 mm.
Of 49 included patients, 23 were assigned to undergo wire-guided excision and 26 to undergo US-guided excision. One patient crossed over to US-guided excision after inadvertent wire displacement. Mean tumor diameter, specimen weight, and operating time were similar in both groups. The excision was adequate in 24 (89%) of 27 US-guided excisions and 12 (55%) of 22 wire-guide excisions (P=.007).
US-guided excision seems to be superior to wire-guided excision with respect to margin clearance of mammographically detected and US-visible nonpalpable breast cancers. Patients do not have to undergo the unpleasant wire placement before surgery.
Key WordsNonpalpable Mammography Ultrasonography Breast neoplasms Segmental mastectomy Needle biopsy
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