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Infection

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 198–202 | Cite as

Azithromycin: Single 1.5g dose in the treatment of patients with atypical pneumonia syndrome—A randomized study

  • S. Schönwald
  • I. Kuzman
  • K. Orešković
  • V. Burek
  • V. Škerk
  • V. Car
  • D. Božinović
  • J. Čulig
  • S. Radošević
Originalia

Summary

An open comparative study was undertaken in order to assess the efficacy and safety of a single dose of azithromycin in the treatment of community-acquired atypical pneumonia. A total of 100 adult patients with atypical penumonia syndrome were randomized to receive 1.5 g of azithromycin as a single dose, or 500 mg once daily for 3 days. The presence ofMycoplasma pneumoniae, Chlamydia pneumoniae, Chlamydia psittaci, Coxiella burnetii, andLegionella pneumophila infection was diagnosed by serological tests. Control clinical examinations were performed 72h, 10–12 days and 4 weeks after treatment initiation. Among 96 patients (48 in each group) who were evaluable for clinical efficacyM. pneumoniae infection was confirmed in 24,C. pneumoniae in nine,C. psittaci in five,C. burnetii in six, andL. pneumophila in five. Forty-seven patients (97.9%) in each group were cured. Side effects were observed in two patients in the single-dose group, and one patient in the 3-day group. In conclusion, a single 1.5 g dose of azithromycin may be an alternative to the standard 3-day azithromycin regimen in the treatment of outpatients with atypical pneumonia syndrome.

Keywords

Azithromycin Roxithromycin Mycoplasma Pneumoniae Fleroxacin Atypical Pneumonia 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© MMV Medien & Medizin VerlagsGmbH 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Schönwald
    • 1
  • I. Kuzman
    • 1
  • K. Orešković
    • 2
  • V. Burek
    • 1
  • V. Škerk
    • 1
  • V. Car
    • 1
  • D. Božinović
    • 1
  • J. Čulig
    • 2
  • S. Radošević
    • 2
  1. 1.University Hospital of Infectious Diseases “Dr. Fran Mihaljevic”ZagrebCroatia
  2. 2.Plivad.d. Pharmaceuticals Div.ZagrebCroatia

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