Euphytica

, Volume 77, Issue 1–2, pp 147–153 | Cite as

Screening fruit tree genetic resources in Belgium for disease resistance and other desirable characters

  • M. Lateur
  • C. Populer
Article

Summary

The wide diversity of old fruit-tree cultivars originating or introduced into Belgium during the 18th and 19th centuries was collected as far as feasible over the last fifteen years at the State Plant Pathology Station in Gembloux. Out of the 2400 accessions now collected, one quarter was recovered from old public collections, and three quarters came from farms or gardens. The initial intention was to screen the material for disease resistance and other characters of agronomic interest with a view to using the best cultivars as breeding parents. However, as the collection developed, genetic resources conservation also became an objectiveper se. The collection presently contains 1150 apple, 850 pear and 300 plum accessions, and smaller numbers of other fruit species. Each accession is evaluated in an experimental orchard for at least ten years. In view of the growing public interest in old fruit-tree cultivars, the Plant Pathology Station has for several years been releasing to the nursery trade the better cultivars emerging from the evaluation, namely nine apple and four plum cultivars, and one peach cultivar. The principal features of the apple cultivars are presented in this paper. Since 1988, old apple and plum cultivars have been being used at the Station as parents in a breeding programme, with both controlled and open pollination. In some instances, old apple cultivars have also been crossed with a modern parent carrying the Vf gene for scab resistance. The preliminary observations on some of these seedlings are presented.

Key words

Breeding disease resistance fruit genetic resources Malus domestica Nectria galligena Podosphaera leucotricha nectria canker powdery mildew scab Venturia inaequalis 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anonymous. 1987. Les anciennes variétés fruitières en Wallonie. Station de Phytopathologie (Ed.), Centre de Vulgarisation Agricole, Gembloux.Google Scholar
  2. Bauvin, J.P., M. Lateur & C. Populer. 1987. La résistance aux maladies chez les anciennes variétés d'arbres fruitiers: évaluation et valorisation commerciale. Meded. Fac. Landbouwwet. Rijksuniv. Gent. 52 : 763–769.Google Scholar
  3. Croxall, H.E., D.C. Gwyne & J.E.E. Jenkins. 1952a. The rapid assessment of apple scab on fruit. Plant Pathol. 1: 89–92.Google Scholar
  4. Croxall, H.E., D.C. Gwyne & J.E.E. Jenkins. 1952b. The rapid assessment of apple scab on leaves. Plant Pathol. 2: 39–41.Google Scholar
  5. Gilbert, C. 1874. Les Fruits Belges. Imprimerie Callewaert, Bruxelles.Google Scholar
  6. Jeger, M.J. 1981. Disease measurement in a study of apple scab epidemics. Ann. appl. Biol. 99: 43–51.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Marc, P. 1993. Développement de la lutte intégrée en verger de pommiers résistants aux maladies cryptogamiques- Coopération Transfrontalière Wallonie/Nord-Pas de Calais. Le Fruit Belge, 443: 82–83.Google Scholar
  8. Populer, C. 1979. Liste des anciennes variétés belges de poiriers et de pommiers réunies à la Station de Phytopathologie à Gembloux. Note Tech. 3/23, Cent. Rech. Agron. Etat, Gembloux.Google Scholar
  9. Populer, C. 1980. Old apple and pear varieties — What for? UPOV Newsletter 23: 9–33.Google Scholar
  10. Populer, C. 1982. Why old kind of apples, pears, and plums? Acta Hortic. 142: 45–53.Google Scholar
  11. Populer, C., C. Delmotte & J.P. Bauvin. 1985. Evaluation de la résistance aux maladies chez les anciennes variétés fruitières en Belgique. A.C.F.E.V. & B.R.G. Journal d'Agriculture Traditionnelle et de Botanique Appliquée, pp. 131–137. Paris.Google Scholar
  12. Populer, C. 1986. Variétés anciennes d'arbres fruitiers recommandées pour la culture d'amateurs. Fiches techniques 1 à 3. Publ. Cent. Rech. Agron. Etat, Gembloux.Google Scholar
  13. Populer, C., J.P. Bauvin & M. Lateur. 1987. Variétés anciennes d'arbres fruitiers recommandées pour la culture d'amateurs. Fiches techniques 4 à 6. Publ. Cent. Rech. Agron. Etat, Gembloux.Google Scholar
  14. Populer, C., J.P. Bauvin & M. Lateur. 1989. La réintroduction de variétés anciennes d'arbres fruitiers dans le commerce des pépinières. Rev. Agric. 42: 113–124.Google Scholar
  15. Populer, C. & M. Lateur. 1990. Variétés fruitières anciennes et résistantes aux maladies: comportement des variétés de pommier et de prunier RGF recommandées aux pépiniéristes. Meded. Fac. Landbouwwet. Rijksuniv. Gent 55 (3a) : 851–858.Google Scholar
  16. Populer, C. & M. Lateur. 1993. Sauvegarde et valorisation des ressources génétiques fruitières. Annales de Gembloux. In press.Google Scholar
  17. Smith, M.W.G. 1971. National Apple Register of the United Kingdom. Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food, London.Google Scholar
  18. Van Melckebeke, J. 1990. La lutte intégrée permet-elle de limiter l'utilisation de produits phytopharmaceutiques? Agricontact 23 (IIa) 1–5.Google Scholar
  19. Watkins, R. & R.A. Smith (Eds) 1982. Descriptor list for apple (Malus). CEC Secretariat, Brussels & IBPGR Secretariat, Rome.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Kluwer Academic Publishers 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Lateur
    • 1
  • C. Populer
    • 1
  1. 1.State Plant Pathology StationChemin de LirouxGemblouxBelgium

Personalised recommendations