Journal of Child and Adolescent Group Therapy

, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 119–133 | Cite as

Pretraining with adolescents in group psychotherapy: A special case of therapist iatrogenic effects

  • Matthew J. Hoag
  • Erin A. Primus
  • Nicolas T. Taylor
  • Gary M. Burlingame


The effects of pretraining adolescents for group psychotherapy were investigated. Twenty-one adolescents from a residential treatment facility participated. Pretraining addressed the processes of risk taking, self-disclosure, and giving and receiving feedback through verbal, video, and/or experiential instruction and were compared with a control condition. Pretraining was not found to be beneficial when measured on satisfaction, therapeutic factors, and peer relation factors. However, a potential confounding variable was the exposure to a “psychonoxious” therapist who was found to have a significantly negative impact on group satisfaction ratings. The implications of group pretraining for adolescents are considered, as are the iatrogenic effects of therapists and the “therapeutic milieu.”

Key Words

pretraining group psychotherapy adolescent iatrogenic effects 


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Copyright information

© Human Sciences Press, Inc 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • Matthew J. Hoag
    • 1
  • Erin A. Primus
    • 1
  • Nicolas T. Taylor
    • 1
  • Gary M. Burlingame
    • 1
  1. 1.Brigham Young UniversityProvo

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