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Czechoslovak Journal of Physics

, Volume 46, Supplement 6, pp 3048–3055 | Cite as

Cosmology, particle physics, and superfluid 3He

  • G. E. Volovik
Plenary and Invited Papers Quantum Fluids and Solids

Abstract

Many direct parallels connect superfluid3He with the field theories describing the physical vacuum, gauge fields and elementary fermions. Superfluid3He exhibits a variety of topological defects which can be detected with single-defect sensitivity. Modern scenarios of defect-mediated baryogenesis can be simulated by the interaction of the3He vortices and domain walls with fermionic quasiparticles. Formation of defects in a symmetry-breaking phase transition in the early Universe, which could be responsible for large-scale structure formation and for microwave-background anisotropy, also may be modelled in the laboratory. This is supported by the recent observation of vortex formation in neutron-irradiated3He-B where the “primordial fireball” is formed in an exothermic nuclear reaction.

Keywords

Vortex Vortex Core Cosmic String Vortex Line Topological Defect 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Institute of Physics, Acad. Sci. CR 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. E. Volovik
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Low Temperature LaboratoryHelsinki University of TechnologyEspooFinland
  2. 2.L.D. Landau Institute for Theoretical PhysicsMoscowRussia

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