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International Journal of Primatology

, Volume 12, Issue 3, pp 199–216 | Cite as

The diet of the capped langur (Presbytis pileata) in a moist deciduous forest in Bangladesh

  • Craig B. Stanford
Article

Abstract

Capped langurs (Presbytis pileata) in Madhupur National Park in north-central Bangladesh have an annual diet that is comprised largely of mature leaves (42% of 20,460 total feeding records). Among colobine monkeys, only some populations of red colobus (Procolobus badius) have a diet richer in mature leaves. New leaves (11%) and fruit (24%) are the other annually important dietary items. Seasonal breakdown of this diet, however, revealed that during the monsoon months of May through September theP. pileata diet is approximately 50% fruit, including pulpy ripe fruit. This is also the period of maximum fruit availability. Data on diet and food availability indicate that while capped langurs subsist on mature leaves during the dry season (80% of diet from November to March), they select fruit and new leaves and switch to these foods whenever they are available. These data support the hypothesis that the colobine feeding strategy is adapted to cope with seasonal food scarcity.

Key Words

capped langur diet Presbytis pileata frugivory 

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Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Craig B. Stanford
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeley

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