Jojoba wax: Its esters and some of its minor components

  • J. Busson-Breysse
  • M. Farines
  • J. Soulier
Regular Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF02542268

Cite this article as:
Busson-Breysse, J., Farines, M. & Soulier, J. J Am Oil Chem Soc (1994) 71: 999. doi:10.1007/BF02542268

Abstract

A lack of reliability in the usual determinations of fatty acids and fatty alcohols of jojoba wax prompted us to propose an original method of hydrolysis and extraction, making it possible to better determine the composition of fatty acids and alcohols of the wax. High-performance liquid chromatography fractionation of the wax allowed isolation of four main classes of esters (which differed by their partition number). The detailed study of these ester classes emphasized the way acids and alcohols are connected, and fourteen distinct esters were thus identified. Some triacylglycerols, free fatty alcohols and other minor components of jojoba wax were found and quantitated. Seven sterols were identified, four for the first time.

Key Words

Buxaceae esters fatty acids fatty alcohols HPLC jojoba wax Simmondsia chinensis sterols triacylglycerols 

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Busson-Breysse
    • 1
  • M. Farines
    • 1
  • J. Soulier
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie Organique des Substances NaturellesUniversitéPerpignanFrance

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