Jojoba wax: Its esters and some of its minor components

  • J. Busson-Breysse
  • M. Farines
  • J. Soulier
Regular Articles

Abstract

A lack of reliability in the usual determinations of fatty acids and fatty alcohols of jojoba wax prompted us to propose an original method of hydrolysis and extraction, making it possible to better determine the composition of fatty acids and alcohols of the wax. High-performance liquid chromatography fractionation of the wax allowed isolation of four main classes of esters (which differed by their partition number). The detailed study of these ester classes emphasized the way acids and alcohols are connected, and fourteen distinct esters were thus identified. Some triacylglycerols, free fatty alcohols and other minor components of jojoba wax were found and quantitated. Seven sterols were identified, four for the first time.

Key Words

Buxaceae esters fatty acids fatty alcohols HPLC jojoba wax Simmondsia chinensis sterols triacylglycerols 

References

  1. 1.
    Sanchez, N., M. Martinez, J. Aracil and A. Corma,J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 69:1150 (1992).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Hamilton, R.J., M.Y. Raie and T.K. Miwa,Chem. Phys. of Lipids 14:92 (1975).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Spencer, G.F., R.D. Plattner and T.K. Miwa,J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 54:187 (1977).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Miwa, T.K.,48:259 (1971).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Yermanos, D.M.,52:115 (1975).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Yermanos, D.M., and C.C. Duncan,53:80 (1976).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Clarke, J.A., and D.M. Yermanos,53:176 (1976).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Miwa, T.K.,61:1061 (1984).Google Scholar
  9. 10.
    Dunstone, R.L., and M.L. Tonnet,Aust. J. Agric. Res. 35:693 (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 11.
    Dunstone, R.L., A. Benzioni and M.L. Tonnet,Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 12:355 (1985).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 12.
    Graille, J., M. Pina and D. Pioch,J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 63:111 (1986).Google Scholar
  12. 13.
    Pioch, D., M. Pina and J. Graille,Rev. Fr. Corps Gras 33:319 (1986).Google Scholar
  13. 14.
    Pina, M., D. Pioch and J. Graille,Lipids 22:1 (1987).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 15.
    IUPAC,Standard Methods for the Analysis of Oils, Fats and Derivatives, 7th edn., edited by C. Paquot, and A. Hautfenne, International Union of Pure and Applied Chemists, Blackwell Scientific Publications, 1987, p. 123.Google Scholar
  15. 16.
    Myher, J.J., inHandbook of Lipid Research, Vol. 1, Fatty Acids and Glycerides, edited by A. Kuksis, Plenum Press, New York, 1978, p. 126.Google Scholar
  16. 17.
    Perrin, J.L., and M. Naudet,Rev. Fr. Corps Gras. 30:279 (1983).Google Scholar
  17. 18.
    Katoh, M., M. Taguchi and T. Kunimoto, inProceedings of the 7th International Conference on Jojoba and Its Uses, edited by A.R. Baldwin, American Oil Chemists’ Society, Champaign, 1988, p. 138.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. Busson-Breysse
    • 1
  • M. Farines
    • 1
  • J. Soulier
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie Organique des Substances NaturellesUniversitéPerpignanFrance

Personalised recommendations