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Inhibition of aflatoxin production inAspergillus flavus infected cotton bolls after treatment with neem (Azadirachta indica) leaf extracts

  • Hampden J. ZeringueJr.
  • Deepak Bhatnagar
Short Communication

Abstract

In separate treatments, a spore suspension ofA. flavus (control), an aqueous leaf extract of the subtropical neem tree plus a spore suspension ofA. flavus, or an aqueous neem leaf extract followed by anA. flavus spore suspension were injected 48 hr later onto the surfaces of locks of developing cotton bolls (30-day post anthesis). Thirteen days after the treatments, the seeds from the locules were harvested and both fungal growth and aflatoxin production were determined. Fungal growth was unaffected by the treatments but the seeds from locules receiving both neem leaf extracts andA. flavus simultaneously exhibited 16% inhibition of aflatoxin production, while the seeds in locules receivingA. flavus spores 48 hr after neem extract was added exhibited >98% inhibition in aflatoxin production. Neem leaf extracts contain an aflatoxin inhibiting factor, however, the neem leaf extract may need to translocate from the fibrous locule surface to the seed, prior to the fungal inoculation, for maximal effect.

Keywords

Aflatoxin Aflatoxin Production Aflatoxin Contamination Azadirachta Indica Aqueous Leaf Extract 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© AOCS Press 1990

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hampden J. ZeringueJr.
    • 1
  • Deepak Bhatnagar
    • 1
  1. 1.Southern Regional Research CenterU.S. Department of AgricultureNew Orleans

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