Lipids

, Volume 19, Issue 9, pp 643–648 | Cite as

Fatty acid and squalene compositions of mediterraneanCentrophorus SPP egg and liver oils in relation to age

  • D. Peyronel
  • J. Artaud
  • M. C. Iatrides
  • P. Rancurel
  • J. L. Chevalier
Article

Abstract

The liver oil content of seven MediterraneanCentrophorus spp. were studied together with the oil of one unfertilized egg and one yolk bag. The relative weight of the liver ranges from 15 to 29% of total body weight; 63 to 89% of the liver weight is oil. Squalene, the major component (49–89% in oil) of the unsaponifiable fraction, is directly quantified by GLC following TLC separation. The squalene level increases with the age of the animals. More than 50 fatty acid species were identified. Among them, the most abundant are: 16∶0 (22–27%), 18∶1ω9 (21–36%) and 22∶6ω3 (2–18%). The level of ω3-fatty acids, essential in the fishes, shows a maximum in the egg (26%), decreases to a minimum in the young (5%) and stabilizes to an intermediate level in the adult (12%).

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Craik, J.C.A. (1978) J. Mar. Biol. Ass. UK 58, 913–921.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    Tsujimoto, M. (1920) J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 12, 63–73.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Cadenat, J., and Blache, J. (1981) Requins de Méditerranée et d’Atlantique, Faune Tropicale XXI ORSTOM, Paris, 53–63.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    AFNOR (1981) Recueil de Normes Françaises des Corps Gras, Graines, Oléagineux, Produits Dérivés, Afnor, Paris.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Castang, J.; Olle, M.; Derbesy, M. and Estienne, J. (1976) Ann. Fals. Exp. Chim. 69, 57–85.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Ackman, R.G.; Sipos, J.C. and Jangaard, P.M. (1967) Lipids 2, 251–257.CrossRefPubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Mallins, D.C., and Wekell J.C. (1971) Prog. Chem. Fats Other Lipids 10, 339–363.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    Kayama, M.; Tsuchiya, Y., and Nevenzel, J.C. (1969) Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 35, 653–664.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Ackman, R.G. (1971) Lipids 6, 520–522.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Ackman, R.G. (1971) Lipids 6, 863–866.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Nelson, G.J. (1974) Lipids 9, 254–263.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    James, A.T. (1952) Biochem. J. 52, 242–247.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Flanzy, J.; Boudon, M.; Leger, C., and Pihet, J. (1976) J. Chromatogr. Sci. 14, 17–24.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Mordret, F.; Prevot, A.; Le Barbanchon, N., and Barbati, C. (1977) Rev. Fr. Corps Gras 24, 467–475.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Ramananarivo, R.; Artaud, J.; Estienne, J.; Peiffer, G., and Gaydou, E.M. (1981) JAOCS 58, 1038–1041.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Ackman, R.G.; Safe, L.; Hooper, S.N., and Paradis, M. (1973) Lipids 8, 21–24.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Ayerbe, F.R., and Romero, A.A. (1955) Grassas y Aceites 6, 141–143.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    Doutre, M.P. (1960) Bulletin de l’IFAN 22, 1433–1440.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Gastaud, J.M. (1969) Rapp. Comm. Int. Mer Medit. 19, 895–896.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Heller, J.H.; Heller, M.S.; Springer, S., and Clark, E. (1957) Nature 1979, 919–920.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Corner, E.D.S.; Denton, E.J.; Forster, F.R.S., and Forster, G.R. (1969) Proc. Roy. Soc. B. 171, 415–429.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Monforte, F., and Fenech, G. (1952) Chimica Industria 34, 804–814.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Malins, D.C., and Barone, A. (1970) Science 167, 79–80.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Ackman R.G., and Eaton, C.A. (1970) J. Fish. Res. Bd. Canada 27, 1669–1683.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Kayama, M.; Zafar, S.; Rizwi, W., and Asakawa, S. (1971) J. Fac. Fish. Anim. Husb. 10, 1–10.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Gastaud, J.M.; Debay, P., and Balny C. (1976) Rapp. Comm. Int. Mer Medit. 23, 53.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Benveniste, P., and Many-Westropp, R.A. (1967) Tetrahedron Lett. 37, 3553–3556.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Ponsinet, G., and Ourisson, G. (1967) Phytochemistry 6, 1235–1243.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. 29.
    Reid, W.W. (1968) Phytochemistry 7, 451–452.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 30.
    Eppenberger, U.; Hirth, L., and Ourisson, G. (1969) Eur. J. Biochem. 8, 180–183.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. 31.
    Corey, E.J., and Ortiz de Montellano, P.R. (1967) J. Am. Chem. Soc. 89, 3362–3363.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 32.
    Heintz, R., and Benveniste, P. (1970) Phytochemistry 9, 1499–1503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    Douglas, T.J. and Paleg, L.G. (1974) Plant. Physiol. 54, 238–245.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. 34.
    Shimma, H., and Shimma, Y. (1968) Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 34, 1015–1021.Google Scholar
  35. 35.
    André, E., and Canal, H. (1929) Bull. Soc. Chim. 45, 511–525.Google Scholar
  36. 36.
    Higashi, H.; Kaneko, T., and Suggi, K. (1953) Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 19, 861–867.Google Scholar
  37. 37.
    Takeuchi, T., and Watanabe, T. (1977) Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 43, 893–898.Google Scholar
  38. 38.
    Leger, C., and Fremont, L. (1981) in Nutrition des Poissons (Colloque CNERNA) pp. 215–246, CNRS edn., Paris.Google Scholar
  39. 39.
    Watanabe, T.; Takashima, F., and Ogino, C. (1974) Bull. Jap. Soc. Sci. Fish. 40, 181–188.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© American Oil Chemists’ Society 1984

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Peyronel
    • 1
  • J. Artaud
    • 2
  • M. C. Iatrides
    • 2
  • P. Rancurel
    • 3
  • J. L. Chevalier
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire de Chimie Appliquée et Génie ChimiqueUniversité de Droit, d’Economie et des SciencesMarseille Cedex 13France
  2. 2.Laboratoire des Organo-Phosphorés et Institut Universitaire de TechnologieMarseille Cedex 14France
  3. 3.Laboratoire de Zoologie MarineUniversité de Droit, d’Economie et des SciencesMarseille Cedex 13France

Personalised recommendations