Bulletin géodésique

, Volume 56, Issue 3, pp 231–241 | Cite as

Methods of adjusting space systems data and terrestrial measurements

  • T. Vincenty


Various space systems use coordinate systems differing among each other as to coordinate origin, orientation, and scale, which brings about systematic differences between results obtained by the different techniques. A reconciliation of these differences can be achieved in a combined adjustment in which certain groups of observations are assigned transformation parameters as unknowns. This method is extended to combined adjustments of three-dimensional and terrestrial data in areas of continental extent.


Observation Equation Space System Scale Unknown Doppler Observation Orientation Unknown 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. V. ASHKENAZI, S.A. CRANE and J.W. WILLIAMS, 1981. The OSGB scientific network: Combination of satellite and terrestrial data.Ann. Geophys., tome 37, p. 49–54.Google Scholar
  2. J. BADEKAS, 1969: Investigations related to the establishment of a World Geodetic System. Report No. 124, Dept. of Geod. Science, The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
  3. B.R. BOWRING, 1980: Notes on space adjustment coefficients.Bull. Geod., Vol. 54, No. 2, p. 191–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. A. LEICK and B.H.W. van GELDER, 1975: On similarity transformations and geodetic network distortions based on Doppler satellite observations. Report No. 235, Dept. of Geod. Science, The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
  5. R.H. RAPP, 1975: Geometric Geodesy, Vol. II, Dept. of Geod. Science, The Ohio State University.Google Scholar
  6. T. VINCENTY, 1980a. Height-controlled three-dimensional adjustment of horizontal networks.Bull. Geod., Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 37–43.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. T. VINCENTY, 1980b: Revisions of the HOACOS height-controlled network adjustment program. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NGS-25.Google Scholar
  8. T. VINCENTY and B. R. BOWRING, 1978: Application of three-dimensional geodesy to adjustments of horizontal networks. NOAA Technical Memorandum NOS NGS-13.Google Scholar
  9. H. WOLF, 1963: Geometric connection and re-orientation of three-dimensional triangulation nets.Bull. Geod., No. 68, p. 165–169.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. H. WOLF, 1980: Scale and orientation in combined Doppler and triangulation nets,Bull. Geod., Vol. 54, No. 1, p. 45–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Bureau Central de L’Association Internationale de Géodésie 1982

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Vincenty
    • 1
  1. 1.National Geodetic Survey, NOSNOAARockvilleMaryland

Personalised recommendations