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Finite-element analysis of balloon angioplasty

  • S. Oh
  • M. Klelnberger
  • J. H. McElhaney
Blood Flow

Abstract

Finite-element modelling is used to simulate the response of atherosclerotic arteries to a balloon angioplasty procedure. Material properties for the normal wall are derived from experimental data, and the properties of the plaque are varied over a wide range. Comparison with experimental data shows that the normal aterial wall can be appropriately modelled using a hyperelastic material definition. Large-strain, nonlinear analysis was used to simulate the dilatation of three typical plaque configurations by an angioplasty balloon. Stress contour plots are presented for each configuration. Results show good agreement with previous histologic studies.

Keywords

Atherosclerosis Balloon angioplasty Finite-element analysis Hyperelastic 

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Copyright information

© IFMBE 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Oh
    • 1
  • M. Klelnberger
    • 2
  • J. H. McElhaney
    • 2
  1. 1.Baxter Healthcare CorporationIrvineUSA
  2. 2.Department of Biomedical EngineeringDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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