In-shoe foot pressure measurement system utilising piezoelectric film transducers

  • A. J. Nevill
  • M. G. Pepper
  • M. Whiting
Communication

Keywords

Gait analysis In-shoe pressure Piezo-electric transducers 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Akhlaghi, F., Pepper, M. G., Potter, M., andRowley, M. D. (1992): ‘Assessment of in-shoe foot pressure patterns over multiple footsteps.’Abstract, IPSM Annual Conf., Lincoln, UKGoogle Scholar
  2. Akhlaghi, F., Daw, J., Pepper, M. G., andPotter, M. J. (1994): ‘In-shoe step-to-step pressure patterns.’The Foot,4, pp. 62–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Betts, R. P., Franks, C. I., Duckworth, T., andBurke, J. (1980): ‘Static and dynamic foot pressure measurement in clinical orthopaedics.’Med. Biol. Eng. Comput.,18, pp. 674–684CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bhat, S., Webster, J. G., Tompkins, W. J., andWertsch, J. J. (1989): ‘Piezoelectric sensor for foot pressure measurement.’ IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 11th Annual Int. Conf. on Instrumentation for Rehabilitation and Biochemical Measurement, pp. 1435–1436Google Scholar
  5. British Standard, bs 5724 pt 1. (1989) (IEC 601-1: 1989): ‘Medical electrical equipment Part 1. General requirements for safety.’ British Standards InstitutionGoogle Scholar
  6. Clarke, T. E., andCavanagh, P. B. (1980): ‘Pressure distribution under the foot during barefoot walking.’Med. Sci. Sport,13, p. 135Google Scholar
  7. Ctercteko, G. C., Dhanendran, M., Hutton, W. C., andLequesne, L. P. (1981): ‘Vertical forces acting on the feet of diabetic patients with neuropathic ulceration.’Br. J. Surg.,6, pp. 608–614Google Scholar
  8. Feehery, R. U. (1986): ‘Clinical applications of the electrodynagram,’Clin. Podiatric Med. Surg.,3, pp. 609–614Google Scholar
  9. Franks, C. I., Betts, R. P., andDuckworth, T. (1983): ‘Microprocessor-based image processing system for dynamic foot pressure studies.’Med. Biol. Eng. Comput.,21, pp. 566–572CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goss, T. S., andBunch, R. P. (1988): ‘Measurement of discrete vertical in-shoe stress with piezoelectric transducers,’J. Biomed. Eng.,10, pp. 261–265Google Scholar
  11. Grieve, D. W., andRashdi, T. (1984): ‘Pressures under normal feet in standing and walking as measured by foil pedobarography,’Ann. Rheumatic Dis.,43, pp. 816–818CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Handke, D., Mau, S., andSassenscheidt, F. (1993):‘Gaitscan 2.0. the analysis of in-shoe foot pressure data.’ Third year project, University of Kent, CanterburyGoogle Scholar
  13. Hennig, E. M., Cavanagh, P. R., Albert, H. T., andMacmillan, N. H. (1982): ‘A piezoeletric method of measuring the vertical contact stress beneath the human foot.’J. Biomed. Eng.,4, pp. 213–221Google Scholar
  14. Hughes, J., andKlenerman, L. (1987): ‘A clinicans view of foot pressure: A comparison of three different methods of measurement.’Foot Ankle,7, pp. 277–284Google Scholar
  15. Hutton, W. C., andDhanendran, M. (1981): ‘The mechanics of normal and hallux valgus feet—a quantitative study.’Clin. Orthopaed. Rel. Res.,157, pp. 7–13Google Scholar
  16. Laing, P., Cogley, D., Crerand, S., andKlenermann, L. (1991): ‘The Liverpool shear transducer.’Abstracts, First. Int. Symp. and Workshop on The Diabetic Foot, the Netherlands, p. 49Google Scholar
  17. Kynar (1987): ‘Kynar piezo film’ Technical ManualGoogle Scholar
  18. Lord, M. (1981): ‘Foot pressure measurement: a review of methodology.’J. Biomed. Eng.,3, pp. 91–99Google Scholar
  19. Lord, M., Hosien, R., andWilliams, R. B. (1992): ‘Method for in-shoe shear stress measurement.’J. Biomed. Eng.,14, pp. 181–186Google Scholar
  20. Lord, M., Reynolds, D. P., andHughes, J. R. (1986): ‘Foot pressure measurement: a review of clinical findings.’J. Biomed Eng.,8, pp. 283–294CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Nevill, A. J. (1991): ‘A foot pressure measurement system utilising pvdf and copolymer piezoelectric transducers.’ PhD Thesis, University of Kent, CanterburyGoogle Scholar
  22. Nichol, K., andHennig, E. M. (1978): ‘Measurement of pressure distribution by means of a flexible, large surface mat,in ‘Biomechanics VI-A’ (University Park Press, Baltimore, USA) pp. 374–380Google Scholar
  23. Nix, E. L. (1986): ‘A direct method for measurement of the film thickness piezoelectric coefficient of polyvinylidene fluoride,’Ferroelect.,67, pp. 125–130Google Scholar
  24. Nye, J. F. (1957): ‘Physical properties of crystals’ (Oxford University Press, Oxford) pp. 110–115, 276–283MATHGoogle Scholar
  25. Pedotti, A., Assente, R., Fusi, G., Derossi, D., Dario, P., andDomenci, C. (1984): ‘Multi sensor piezoelectric polymer insole for pedobarography.’Ferroelect.,60, pp. 163–174Google Scholar
  26. Pollard, J. P., Lesquesne, L. P., andTappin, J. W. (1983): ‘Forces under the foot.’J. Biomed. Eng.,5, pp. 37–40Google Scholar
  27. Soames, R. W., Carter, P. G., andTowle, J. A. (1985): ‘The rheumatoid foot during gait’Whittle, M., andHarris, D. (Eds.): in ‘Biomechanical measurement in orthopaedic practice’ (Clarendon Press, Oxford) pp. 167–178Google Scholar
  28. Soames, R. W., Blake, C. D., Stott, J. R., Goodbody, A., andBrewerton, D. A. (1982): ‘Measurement of pressure under the feet during function.’Med. Biol. Eng. Comput.,20, pp. 489–495CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Stokes, I. A. F., Hutton, W. C., Stott, J. R. R., andLowe, L. W., (1979): ‘Hallux valgus foot before and after surgery.’Clin. Orthopaed. Rel. Res.,142, pp. 64–72Google Scholar
  30. Tappin, J. W., Pollard, J., andBeckett, E. A. (1990): ‘Method of measuring shearing forces on the sole of the foot.’Clin. Physiol. Meas.,1, pp. 83–85CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Zhu, H., Wertsch, J. J., Harris, G. F., Price, M. B., andAlba, H. M. (1989): ‘Pressure distribution beneath sensate and insensate feet.’ IEEE Engineering in Medicine & Biology Society 11th Annual Int. Conf. on Biomechanics of the Upper and Lower extremities, pp. 822–823Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFMBE 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. J. Nevill
    • 1
  • M. G. Pepper
    • 1
  • M. Whiting
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Electronic Engineering LaboratoryUniversity of Kent at CanterburyUK
  2. 2.Formerly Department of Podiatry, Leaf HospitalEastbourneUK
  3. 3.Dean Faculty of HealthUniversity of BrightonBrightonUK

Personalised recommendations