Non-radiological technique for 3D imaging of intestinal endoscopes: computerised graphical 3D representation of endoscope and skeleton

  • R. S. Rowland
  • G. D. Bell

DOI: 10.1007/BF02522472

Cite this article as:
Rowland, R.S. & Bell, G.D. Med. Biol. Eng. Comput. (1998) 36: 285. doi:10.1007/BF02522472


Colorectal cancer is a common malignancy but as yet there is no agreement regarding the optimal method for screening. Colonoscopy is theoretically the investigation of choice. The examination can, however, be difficult to perform and the average trainee requires at least 200 supervised examinations to become proficient. Colonoscopy takes on average about half an hour per patient and sedation is normally required because of painful instrument looping. The authors previously developed a non-radiological method of visualising the path of the endoscope using magnetic drive coils under the patient and a chain of sensors in the biopsy channel of the instrument. The computer-generated greyscale images produced in real time were deemed unsatisfactory and the anatomical markers confusing. A new computer graphics system is decribed in which a much more realistic endoscope and, if necessary, skeleton can be produced. The wire-frame octagonal representation should help in the detailed analysis of colonoscopy using existing endoscopes and aid in future computer design and testing of novel instruments incorporating worm or snake-like properties.


Colonoscopy Endoscopy 3D computerised magnetic imaging 

Copyright information

© IFMBE 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. S. Rowland
    • 1
  • G. D. Bell
    • 2
  1. 1.RMR Systems LimitedKirtonUK
  2. 2.Faculty of Medical Sciences, Sunderland University, Endoscopy UnitSunderland Royal HospitalSunderlandUK

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