The journal of mental health administration

, Volume 18, Issue 1, pp 27–34

Prediction of use of psychiatric services: Application of the CART algorithm

  • Heidi Boerstler
  • John M. de Figueiredo
Regular Articles

DOI: 10.1007/BF02521131

Cite this article as:
Boerstler, H. & de Figueiredo, J.M. The Journal of Mental Health Administration (1991) 18: 27. doi:10.1007/BF02521131


A computerized recursive partitioning program called Classification and Regression Trees (CART) was used to identify potential high users of services among low-income psychiatric outpatients. Sociodemographic variables, clinical variables (e.g., psychiatric diagnosis and type of presenting complaint), source of referral and the most recent psychiatric treatment setting used were studied. Discharge from inpatient psychiatric treatment right before admission to outpatient psychiatric treatment was found to be the most consistent, the most powerful and the only necessary predictor of high use of outpatient psychiatric services.

Copyright information

© Association of Mental Health Administrators 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heidi Boerstler
    • 3
  • John M. de Figueiredo
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.CheshireUSA
  2. 2.Yale University School of MedicineUSA
  3. 3.College of Business and Administration and the School of NursingUniversity of ColoradoUSA

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