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Researches on Population Ecology

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 15–22 | Cite as

Comparative studies on the seasonal occurrence, nymphal development and food menu in two giant water bugs,Diplonychus japonicus vuillefroy andDiplonychus major esaki (Hemiptera: Belostomatidae)

  • Hiroaki Okada
  • Fusao Nakasuji
Article

Summary

We compared the seasonal changes in population density and nymphal development at different water temperatures and under different food conditions between two giant water bugs,Diplonychus japonicus andD. major, in Okayama, Japan.

D. japonicus produced 1–2 generations a year, whileD. major was strictly inivoltine. The developmental velocity was higher inD. japonicus than inD. major. The thermal constant ofD. japonicus was less than that ofD. major. These results suggest thatD. japonicus is adapted, to higher water temperature thanD. major. In the field,D. japonicus preyed predominately on Lymnaeidae and Physidae snails, whileD. major preyed on aquatic insects such as dragonfly nymphs.

Keywords

exclusive distribution giant water bug Diplonychus japonicus D. major water temperature prey items 

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References

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  3. Okada, H. and F. Nakasuji (1993) Habitat utilization and coexistence by two giant water bugs,Diplonychus japonicus andD. major in Okayama, western Japan.Jpn. J. Ent. 61: 79–84.Google Scholar
  4. Sweeney, B. W. (1984) Factors influencing life-history patterns of aquatic insects. 56–100. In V. H. Resh and D. M. Rosenberg (ed.)The Ecology of Aquatic Insects. Praeger Publishers. New York.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Population Ecology 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hiroaki Okada
    • 1
  • Fusao Nakasuji
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied Entomology, Faculty of AgricultureOkayama UniversityOkayamaJapan

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