Dependence between the parameters of dynamic and stationary segments of the EMG activity in the elbow joint muscles and the joint angle during realization of targeted movements in cats
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In experiments on cats we studied the pattern of EMG activity recorded from the flexors and extensors of the elbow joint and related to realization of flexor targeted operant movements of the forearm. The levels of stationary EMG activity generated by the flexors at a stabilized equilibrium position of the joint demonstrated no correlation with the values of joint angles. We suppose that this feature depends on manifestation of the hysteresis effects of muscle contraction. A target position was attained mostly due to the dynamic phases of muscle activity. The respective patterns of the movement-related activity of synergic muscles significantly differed; separate components related to leaving an equilibrium state with a certain acceleration and attaining a presettled equilibrium joint angle could be differentiated in this activity. Final positions of the forearm could be significantly different at equal levels of the stationary EMG activity generated during stabilization of these positions; they depended on specificities in the time course of dynamic phase of the activity (in particular, on the time of activity decay to a stationary level). We conclude that the movement of a limb link from one equilibrium position to another is mostly controlled via coordination of the dynamic phase of muscle activity.
KeywordsJoint Angle Motor Command Biceps Brachii Dynamic Phase Elbow Flexor
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