Researches on Population Ecology

, Volume 33, Issue 2, pp 323–329 | Cite as

Heritability estimates of life history traits in small white butterflyPieris rapae crucivora

  • Yoshinari Tanaka


Heritabilities and genetic correlations of life history characters (pupal weight, age-specific fecundities, and egg weight) of small white butterflyPieris rapae crucivora are estimated by a quantitative genetic method (sib analysis). The results indicate moderate or high heritabilities and a largely negative genetic correaltion in age-specific fecundities.

Key words

Pieris rapae crucivora life history heritability genetic correlation pleiotropy senescence 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Arvesen, J. N. and T. H. Schmit (1970) Robust procedures for variance component problems using the jackknife.Biometrics 26: 677–686.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dickerson, G. E. (1955) Genetic slippage in response to selection for multiple objectives.Cold Spring Harbor Symp. Quant. Biol. 20: 213–224.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Dingle, H., K. E. Evans and P. O. Palmer (1988) Responses to selection among life-history traits in a nonmigratory population of milkweed bugs (Oncopeltus fasciatus).Ecolution 42: 79–92.Google Scholar
  4. Emlen, J. M. (1970) Age-specificity and ecological theory.Ecology 51: 588–601.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Efron, B. (1982)The Jackknife, the Bootstrap and Other Resampling Plans. Soc. Indus-Appl. Math.Google Scholar
  6. Falconer, D. S. (1989)Introduction to Quantitative Genetics, 3rd ed. Longman, London.Google Scholar
  7. Hiraizumi, Y. (1985) Genetics of factors affecting the life history ofDrosophila melanogaster. I. Female productivity.Genetics 110: 453–464.Google Scholar
  8. Hughes, D. M. and A. G. Clark (1988) Analysis of the genetic structure of life history ofDrosophila melanogaster using recombinant extracted lines.Evolution 42: 1309–1320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Kempthorne, O. (1957)An Introduction to Genetic Statistics. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  10. Lande, R. (1982) A quantitative genetic theory of life history evolution.Ecology 63: 607–615.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Lewontin, R. C. (1974)The Genetic Basis of Evolutionary Change. Columbia University Press, New York.Google Scholar
  12. Luckinbill, L. S., R. Arking, M. J. Clare, W. C. Cirocco and S. A. Buck (1984) Selection for delayed senescence inDrosophila melanogaster.Evolution 38: 996–1003.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Medawar, P. D. (1946) Old age and natural death.Modern Quart 2: 30–49.Google Scholar
  14. Mertz, D. B. (1975) Senescent decline in flour beetle strains selected for early adult fitness.Physiol. Zool. 48: 1–23.Google Scholar
  15. Ohsaki, N. (1980) Comparative population studies of threePieris butterflies,P. rapae, P. melete, andP. napi, living in the same area. II. Utilization of patchy habitats by adults through migratory and nonmigratory movements.Res. Popul. Ecol. 24: 193–210.Google Scholar
  16. Ohsaki, N. (1982) Comparative population studies of threePieris butterflies,P. rapae, P. melete, andP. napi, living in the same area. III. Difference in the annual generation numbers in relation to habitat selection by adults.Res. Popul. Ecol. 24: 193–210.Google Scholar
  17. Rose, M. R. (1982) Antagonistic pleiotropy, dominance, and genetic variation.Heredity 48: 63–78Google Scholar
  18. Rose, M. R. (1984a) Laboratory evolution of postponed senescence inDrosophila melanogaster Evolution 38: 1004–1010.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Rose, M. R. (1984b) Genetic covariation inDrosophila life history: Untangling the data.Am. Nat. 123: 565–569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Searle, S. R. (1971)Linear Models. Wiley, New York.Google Scholar
  21. Service, P. M., E. W. Hutchinson and M. R. Rose (1988) Multiple genetic mechanisms for the evolution of senescence inDrosophila melanogaster.Evolution 42: 708–716.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Sokal, R. R. and F. J. Rohlf (1981)Biometry, 2nd ed. W. H. Freeman and Company, New York.Google Scholar
  23. Williams, G. C. (1957) Pleiotropic, natural selection, and the evolution of senescence.Evolution 11: 398–411.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society of Population Ecology 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Yoshinari Tanaka
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratory of Applied Entomology and Nematology, School of AgricultureNagoya UniversityNagoyaJapan
  2. 2.National Institute of GeneticsMishimaJapan

Personalised recommendations