Il Nuovo Cimento C

, Volume 18, Issue 2, pp 123–151 | Cite as

Atmospheric greenhouse effect in the context of global climate change

  • K. Ya. Kondratyev
  • C. Varotsos
Article

Summary

Great interest in the problem of the atmospheric greenhouse effect (not only in scientific publications, but also in mass media), on the one hand, and the undoubtfully overemphasised contribution of the greenhouse effect to the global climate change, on the other hand, motivate a necessity to analyse the role which the greenhouse effect plays as a factor of climate change. Significant progress in the analysis of existing observational data as well as succesful development of numerical climate modelling which have been achieved during the recent few years create a basis for a new survey of the atmospheric greenhouse effect in the context of global climate change. Such a survey is the principal purpose of this paper. After discussing a notion of the greenhouse effect, the detailed analysis of the present-day and paleoclimatic observational data has been conducted with subsequent consideration of numerical modelling results. A special attention has been paid to assessments of the greenhouse warmingvs. aerosol cooling. Then possibilities of the early detection of a greenhouse climate signal have been analysed and a few comments on the global climate observing system have been made with the general conclusion that more observations and further numerical modelling efforts are necessary to more reliably assess the contributions of various mechanisms to the observed global climate changes. It is only in the context of a coupled totality of significant climate forming factors and processes that the contribution of the greenhouse effect may be estimated.

PACS 92.60

Meteorology 

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Copyright information

© Società Italiana di Fisica 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. Ya. Kondratyev
    • 1
  • C. Varotsos
    • 2
  1. 1.Research Centre of Ecological SafetyRussian Academy of ScienceSt. PetersburgRussia
  2. 2.Department of Applied PhysicsUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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