Advertisement

Voluntary commands for FES-assisted walking in incomplete SCI subjects

  • T. Bajd
  • M. Munih
  • A. Kralj
  • R. Ŝavrin
  • H. Benko
Communication

Keywords

Functional electrical stimulation (FES) Gait Spinal cord injury (SCI) 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Andrews, B. J., Baxendale, R. H., Barnett, R., Phillips, G. F., Yamazaki, T., Paul, J. P., andFreeman, P. A. (1988): ‘Hybrid FES orthosis incorporating closed loop control and sensory feedback,’J. Biomed. Eng.,10, pp. 189–195Google Scholar
  2. Bajd, T., Kralj, A., Turk, R., Benko, H., andŠega, J. (1989): ‘Use of functional electrical stimulation in the rehabilitation of patients with incomplete spinal cord injuries,’J. Biomed. Eng.,11, pp. 96–102Google Scholar
  3. Bajd, T., Kralj, A., Karćnik, T., Šavrin, R., andObreza, P. (1994): ‘Significance of FES-assisted plantarflexion during walking of incomplete SCI subjects,’Gait Posture,2, pp. 5–10.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Chizeck, H. J., Kobetic, R., Marsolais, E. B., Abbas, J. J., Donner, I. H., andSimon, E. (1988): ‘Control of functional neuromuscular stimulation systems for standing and locomotion in paraplegics,’Proc. IEEE,9, pp. 1155–1165CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Crozier, K. S., Cheng, L. L., Graziani, V., Zorn, G., Herbison, G., andDitunno, J. F. (1992): ‘Spinal cord injury: prognosis of ambulation based on quadriceps recovery,’Paraplegia,30, pp. 762–767Google Scholar
  6. Granat, M. H., Ferguson, A. C. B., Andrews, B. J., andDelargy, M. (1993): ‘The role of functional electrical stimulation in the rehabilitation of patients with incomplete spinal cord injury—observed benefits during gait studies,’Paraplegia,31, pp. 207–215Google Scholar
  7. Graupe, D., Kohn, K., Kralj, A., andBasseas, S. (1983): ‘Patient controlled electrical stimulation via EMG signature discrimination for providing certain paraplegics with primitive walking function,’J. Biomed. Eng.,5, pp. 270–276Google Scholar
  8. Kralj, A., andBajd, T. (1989): ‘Functional electrical stimulation: Standing and walking after spinal cord injury’ (CRC Press Inc., Boca Raton, Florida)Google Scholar
  9. Liberson, W. T., Holmquest, H. J., Scott, D., andDow, M. (1961): ‘Functional electrotherapy: stimulation of the peroneal nerve synchronized with the swing phase of the gait of hemiplegic patients,’Arch. Phys. Med. Rehab.,42, pp. 101–105Google Scholar
  10. Marsolais, E. B., Kobetic, R., Chizeck, H. J., andJacobs, J. L. (1991): ‘Orthoses and electrical stimulation for walking in complete paraplegia,’J. Neural. Rehab.,5, pp. 13–22Google Scholar
  11. Winter, D. A. (1979): ‘Biomechanics of human movement’ (John Wiley & Sons, New York)Google Scholar
  12. Yarkony, G. M., Roth, E. J., Meyer, P. R., Lovell, L., Heinemann, A. W., andBetts, H. B. (1990): ‘Spinal cord injury care systems: fifteen-year experience at the Rehabilitation Institute of Chicago,’Paraplegia,28, pp. 321–329Google Scholar

Copyright information

© IFMBE 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • T. Bajd
    • 1
  • M. Munih
    • 1
  • A. Kralj
    • 1
  • R. Ŝavrin
    • 2
  • H. Benko
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty of Electrical Engineering and ComputingUniversity of LjubljanaLjubljanaSlovenia
  2. 2.Republic Slovenia Institute for RehabilitationLjubljanaSlovenia

Personalised recommendations