Advertisement

Physical Oceanography

, Volume 7, Issue 6, pp 389–401 | Cite as

Tsunami waves in the Black Sea in 1927: Observations and numerical modelling

  • S. F. Dotsenko
  • A. V. Konovalov
Thermohydrodynamics of the Ocean

Abstract

The paper focuses on the propagation of tsunami waves in the Black Sea and their parameters. Two tsunamis observed by tide gauges in 1927 are discussed. The waves were generated by the underwater earthquakes in the continental slope area south of the Crimea. Tsunami characteristics have been categorized and scrutinized, using tide gauge data. The finite-difference evolutionary model has been realized, which allows description of the wave field's spatial structure and computation of mareograms at a variety of coastal sites. The observed wave elements and the computed ones have been matched up for the Black Sea tsunami event that occurred on 11–12 September 1927.

Keywords

Wave Height Tsunami Wave Tsunami Source Tide Gauge Record Tsunami Wave Height 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    Nikonov, A.A.. Tsunamis in the Azov Sea and Black Sea.Priroda (1994) No. 3, 72–74.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Grigorash, Z.K. Black Sea tsunamis in 1927 as given by the mareograms.Trudy MGI Akad. Nauk SSSR (1959)17, 59–67.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Grigorash, Z.K. The propagation of tsunamis in the Black Sea in 1927.Trudy MGI Akad. Nauk SSSR (1959)18, 113–116.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Grigorash, Z.K. and Korneva, L.A. Tsunami waves accompanying the Anapa earthquake on 12 July 1966.Okeanologia (1969)9, 988–995.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Grigorash, Z.K. and Korneva, L.A. Estimation of the tsunami energy, following the Anapa earthquake of 12 July 1966, considering the wave refraction.Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR, Fiz. Atmos. Okeana (1970)6, 1196–1205.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Grigorash, Z.K. and Korneva L.A. Tide gauge records of the Black Sea tsunamis resulting from the earthquake which occurred in Turkey in December 1939.Okeanologia (1972)12, 417–422.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Grigorash, Z.K. and Korneva, L.A. Maps of the wave field and tsunami energy in the Black Sea.Izv. Akad. Nauk SSSR Fiz. Atmos. Okeana (1972)8, 562–566.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Grigorash, Z.K. Survey of some tide gauge records in the Black Sea.Trudy Sakh. KNII DVO Akad. Nauk SSSR (1972)29, 271–278.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    Murty, T.S.Seismic Tsunami Waves in the Sea. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat (1981).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    Fomicheva, L.A., Rabinovich, A.B. and Demidov, A.N., Black Sea tsunamis. In:Hydrometeorology and Chemistry of the USSR Seas. St Petersburg: Gidrometeoizdat (1991), pp. 352–354Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Dotsenko, S.F. Tsunamis in the Black Sea.Izv. Russ. Akad Nauk, Fiz. Atmos. Okeana (1994)30, 513–519.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Marchuk, A.G., Chubarov, L.B. and Shokin, Yu.I.Numerical Modelling of Tsunami Waves. Novosibirsk: Nauka (1983).Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Shokin, Yu.I., Chubarov, L.B., Marchuk, A.G.,et al. Computational Experiment in the Tsunami Problem. Novosibirsk: Nauka (1989).Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    Voltsinger, N.E., Klevanny, K.A. and Pelinovsky, E.N.Long-Wave Dynamics of the Coastal Zone. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat (1989).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Dunbar, D., Le Blond, P. and Murty, T.S. Evaluation of tsunami amplitudes for the Pacific coast of Canada.Prog. Oceanogr. (1991)26, 115–177.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    Dotsenko, S.F. Application of the ray technique to calculate the time of long wave propagation in the Black Sea.Phys. Oceanogr. (1994),5, 113–118.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    Dotsenko, S.F. Radiation of long waves from the Black Sea seismic zones.Phys. Oceanogr. (1996),7, 315–320.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Ranguelov, B. and Gospodinov, D. Tsunami energy distribution according to the Black Sea geometry. In:24th Gen. Assembly Eur. Seismol. Commission. Athens, Greece. Abstracts (1994).Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dotsenko, S.F. and Konovalov, A.V. Numerical modelling of tsunami propagation in the open Black Sea.Phys. Oceanogr. (1996)7, 65–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Chekunov, A.V. Seismic emission and different floor tectonics in the Black Sea region.Dokl. Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR, Ser. B (1990) No. 11, 27–31.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Pustovitenko, B.G. and Kulchitskii, V.E. Seismicity of the Black Sea trough.Geofiz. Zh. (1991), No. 3, 14–19.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Markevich, A.I. Historical evidence on the Crimean earthquakes. In:Black Sea Earthquakes in 1927 and the Future of the Crimea. Simferopol: Krimgosizdat (1928), pp. 63–73.Google Scholar
  23. 23.
    Voltsinger, N.E. and Pyaskovskii, R.V.The Basic Oceanographic Problems from Shallow Water Theory. Leningrad: Gidrometeoizdat (1968).Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    Godunov, S.K. and Ryabenkii, V.S.Difference Schemes. Moscow: Nauka (1977).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Ivanov, V.A. and Yankovsky, A.Ya.Long-Wave Motions in the Black Sea. Kiev: Naukova Dumka (1992).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© VSP 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. F. Dotsenko
  • A. V. Konovalov

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations