Selection of the treatment for esophagogastric varices
In 57 cases with portal hypertensive disease, we investigated the intramural and extramural structure of the stomach and the esophagus by endoscopic ultrasonography (EUS). Variously developed intra- and extramural vascular structures had a relationship to the endoscopic variceal form, and communicating (inflow) vessels to varices were found in 28 of the 43 primary cases treated (65%). We then classified the esophagogastric varices into three types according to the vascular structure, such as the esophageal type, esophagogastric type, and solitary gastric type. Based on the analysis of these collateral structures, we selected the treatment as follows. In the esophageal type, which has a few inflow vessels, it is easy to eliminate the varices by obturating the inflow vessels by endoscopic injection sclerotherapy (EIS). In the esophagogastric type, which has many enlarged inflow vessels, the Hassab operation is effective in devascularizing the extramural inflow vessels, and the combination of EIS is necessary to sclerose the intramural varices. In the solitary gastric type, which is a part of the downward portosystemic shunt, the Hassab operation is recommended to prevent rupture of the varices for the subtype with intramural running vessels, but conservative therapy is enough for the subtype without.
Key wordsEsophagogastric varices Portal hypertension Collateral circulation Endoscopic ultrasonography Endoscopic injection sclerotherapy Nonshunting operation
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