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The botanical magazine = Shokubutsu-gaku-zasshi

, Volume 105, Issue 3, pp 443–452 | Cite as

Diploid and triploid offspring of triploid agamosporous fernDryopteris pacifica

  • Su-Juan Lin
  • Masahiro Kato
  • Kunio Iwatsuki
Article

Abstract

A cytological and reproductive study of the diploid and triploid agamosporousDryopteris pacifica was made to elucidate the origin of its infraspecific cytotypes. Some triploids produced 16 spore mother cells (SMCs) sometimes with n=41II+41I chromosomes, in addition to eight SMCs with n=123II, in each sporangium. In the former case the 16 SMCs usually underwent abnormal meiosis to give rise to some 50 spores, some of which were regular-shaped; in the latter the eight SMCs multiplied into 32 spores by normal meiosis. We found that spores from one of the triploid plants developed into either diploid or triploid gametophytes, which further apogamously produced diploid or triploid sporophytes, respectively. This novel mechanism of ploidy reduction is discussed in relation to the origin of diploid agamosporous ferns, the taxonomic complexity of the species, and the correlation of agamospory with polyploidy. The mechanism is also compared to that operating in agamospermous angiosperms.

Key words

Agamospory Cytology Dryopteris pacifica Fern Ploidy reduction Reproduction 

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Copyright information

© The Botanical Society of Japan 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • Su-Juan Lin
    • 1
  • Masahiro Kato
    • 1
  • Kunio Iwatsuki
    • 1
  1. 1.Botanical Gardens, Faculty of ScienceUniversity of TokyoTokyoJapan

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