Separation ofAstragalus saponins by reversed phase high performance liquid chromatography and evaporative light scattering detection
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A new HPLC method permitted the separation of 13 triterpene lycosides isolated from differentAstragalus species within 40 min. A water/acetonitrile gradient was used as eluent and 5 μm RP-18 material as stationary phase. By using an evaporative light scattering (ELS) detector, the main saponins ofA. membranaceus could be detected at levels as low as 20.0 μg·mL−1. This method facilitated distinction of differentAstragalus species as well as the analyses of market products containingA. membranaceus. The results showed variations from 0.019 to 0.184% in the total saponin content of the market products.
Key WordsColumn liquid chromatography Evaporative light scattering detection Astragalus species Saponin
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