, Volume 42, Issue 1, pp 75–87 | Cite as

The scientific wealth of European nations: Taking effectiveness into account

  • Sandra Rousseau
  • R. Rousseau


In this study we continue the application of Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of the R&D effort of European countries. We use GDP, active population and R&D expenditure as inputs, and publications and patents as outputs. Being effective means that, in order to obtain a maximum efficiency score countries are forced to perform on every output goal. A discussion of each country's performance and a comparison with May'sScience results concludes our analysis.


Data Envelopment Analysis Efficiency Frontier European Patent Weighted Input European Patent Office 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sandra Rousseau
    • 1
  • R. Rousseau
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.K.U. LeuvenCentre for Economic Studies (CES)Leuven(Belgium)
  2. 2.KHBOOostendeBelgium
  3. 3.LUCDiepenbeek(Belgium)

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