Advertisement

Neuroscience and Behavioral Physiology

, Volume 28, Issue 3, pp 330–335 | Cite as

“Brain music” in the treatment of patients with insomnia

  • Ya. I. Levin
Article

Abstract

The effects of a new nonpharmacological method of treating insomnia—“brain music”—were studied. The method is based on the transformation of the EEG into music using a special algorithm developed by the authors. Sleep polygrams were recorded and analyzed, and EEG segments corresponding to different sleep phases were identified using standard criteria, and were transformed into music. Patients listened to the resulting audio cassettes before going to sleep. Clinical, questionnaire, psychological, and electrophysiological (polysomonographic, electroencephalographic) methods were used before and after 15-day treatment courses in 58 patients with insomnia, who were divided into two groups: group 1 (44 patients) formed the experimental group, and group 2 (14 patients) formed the “placebo” group (in whom the “brain music” of a different patient was used). “Brain music” was found to have positive effects in more than 80% of the insomniac patients both from the point of view of subjective sensations and in terms of objective studies, i.e. neuropsychological and neurophysiological investigations. The high efficacy of “brain music” in patients with insomnia was combined with an absence of side effects and complications.

Keywords

Sleep Quality Reactive Anxiety Verbal Task Night Waking Interhemisphere Interaction 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    N. A. Vlasov, A. M. Vein, and Yu. A. Aleksandrovskii, The Control of Sleep [in Russian], Moscow (1983), p. 231.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Ya. I. Levin and A. R. Artemenko, Zh. Nevrol. Psikhiatr.,96, No. 3, 107–112 (1996).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Ya. I. Levin and A. M. Vein, Rossiiskii. Med. Zh., No. 3, 16–19 (1996).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    O. Benoit, Neurophysiol. Clin.,21, 245–265, (1991).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    ICSD—International Classification of Sleep Disorders. Diagnostic Coding Manual. Diagnostic Classification Steering Committee, M. T. Thorpy (ed.), (1990), p. 396.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    P. Lemoine, Hypnotiques, Editions Techniques, Encycl. Med. Chir., Vol. 9, Paris, France 91994).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    P. Lemoine, Le Mystère du Placebo, O. Jacob (ed.), Paris (1996), p. 238.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. Marks and A. N. Nicholson, Br. Med. J.,288, 261, (1984).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Rechtchaffen and A. Kales, A Manual of Standardized Terminology, Techniques and Scoring for Sleep Stages of Human Subjects, Bethesda, Washington D. C. Government Printing Office (1968), p. 235.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Plenum Publishing Corporation 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ya. I. Levin

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations