, Volume 38, Issue 1, pp 39–55 | Cite as

Citation cycles and peer review cycles

  • P. Wouters
STC and Scientometrics


Hardly anyoee will dispute that the creation of theScience Citation Index has made an important difference to science. It is less clear, however, in what way the science system has been influenced. This article proposes a qualitative model to better understand the mutual interactions involved. Science is pictured as an information processing cycle. Its quality is maintained in the “peer review cycle”. The main upshot of theSCI has been the creation of a second-order cycle on top of the primary knowledge production cycle. This is the citation cycle. The specialty of scientometrics has a key role in this citation cycle. The model enables a more profound understanding of the various feed back processes between the two cycles. Moreover, it may give insight in the development of hybrid and heterogenous scientific specialties like scientometrics.


Knowledge Production Science Citation Index Science Policy Citation Analysis Bibliometric Indicator 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Akadémiai Kiadó 1997

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Wouters
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Science and Technology DynamicsAmsterdam(The Netherlands)

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