Human Evolution

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 35–41

Morphological distance between australopithecine, human and ape skulls

  • M. Verhaegen


This paper attempts to quantify the morphological difference between fossil and living species of hominoids. The comparison is based upon a balanced list of craniodental characters corrected for size (Wood & Chamberlain, 1986). The conclusions are: craniodentally the australopithecine species are a unique and rather uniform group, much nearer to the great apes than to humans; overall, their skull and dentition do not resemble the human more than the chimpanzee’s do.

Key Words

human evolution hominids apes skull Australopithecus Homo erectus chimpanzee gorilla 


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Copyright information

© International Institute for the Study of Man 1996

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Verhaegen
    • 1
  1. 1.PutteBelgium

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