, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 331–350 | Cite as

Divine foreknowledge and Newcomb's paradox

  • William Lane Craig


Newcomb's Paradox thus serves as an illustrative vindication of the compatibility of divine foreknowledge and human freedom. A proper understanding of the counterfactual conditionals involved enables us to see that the pastness of God's knowledge serves neither to make God's beliefs counterfactually closed nor to rob us of genuine freedom. It is evident that our decisions determine God's past beliefs about those decisions and do so without invoking an objectionable backward causation. It is also clear that in the context of foreknowledge, backtracking counterfactuals are entirely appropriate and that no alteration of the past occurs. With the justification of the one box strategy, the death of theological fatalism seems ensured. *** DIRECT SUPPORT *** A0985044 00003


True Proposition Special Resolution Close World Counterfactual Dependence Standard Resolution 
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Copyright information

© Philosophia 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • William Lane Craig
    • 1
  1. 1.Westmont CollegeSanta barbaraUSA

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