International Journal of Anthropology

, Volume 10, Issue 2–3, pp 107–123

A brief review of studies and comments on ancient Egyptian biological relationships

  • S. O. Y. Keita

DOI: 10.1007/BF02444602

Cite this article as:
Keita, S.O.Y. Int. J. Anthropol. (1995) 10: 107. doi:10.1007/BF02444602


A review of studies covering the biological relationship of the ancient Egyptians was undertaken. An overview of the data from the studies suggests that the major biological affinities of early southern Egyptians lay with tropical Africans. The range of indigenous tropical African phenotypes is great; and this range of variation must be considered in any discussion of the Nile Valley peoples. The early southern Egyptians belonged primarily to an African descent group which gained some Near Eastern affinity through gene flow with the passage of time.

Key words

Egyptian predynastic metric non-metric morphological 

Copyright information

© International Institute for the Study of Man 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. O. Y. Keita
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of Sociology-Anthropology Anatomy and Plastic SurgeryHoward UniversityWashington, D.C.USA

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