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International Journal of Anthropology

, Volume 14, Issue 2–3, pp 115–125 | Cite as

Huntington's chorea (HD) in Malta: Epidemiology and origins

  • Gassivaro Gallo P. 
  • Buhagiar M. 
  • Cuschieri A. 
  • Viviani F. 
Article

Abstract

Since 1994 a Genetic Counselling Center devoted to assisting to subjects at risk from HD has been operative in Malta.

Data evaluated in 1994 by this Center, represents, on the whole, 23 family nuclei. Forty living subjects with HD were found (26 males and 14 females) as well as 185 subjects at risk from HD.

It appears that Malta is an HD “focus”, with a disease incidence of 11.8 out of 100.000 inhabitants. This value appears to be high with respect to the world average incidence of 5.0 (Tibben, 1993) and to other values found in the Mediterranean area.

The origin of the disease on the island would appear to be “local”. The founder(s) can be traced far back in time, and probably brought this disease to the island through the maritime traffic, even if the concomitance of local mutations is not excluded.

Keywords

Huntington's chorea Malta 

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Copyright information

© International Institute for the Study of Man 1999

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gassivaro Gallo P. 
    • 1
  • Buhagiar M. 
    • 2
  • Cuschieri A. 
    • 3
  • Viviani F. 
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of General PsychologyUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly
  2. 2.Institute of PsychologyUniversity of MaltaMalta
  3. 3.Faculty of MedicineUniversity of MaltaMalta
  4. 4.Faculty of PsychologyUniversity of PaduaPaduaItaly

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