Medical and Biological Engineering and Computing

, Volume 31, Issue 6, pp 623–627

Non-invasive measurement method for hardness in muscular tissues

  • M. Horikawa
  • S. Ebihara
  • F. Sakai
  • M. Akiyama
Communication

Keywords

Laser distance sensor Muscle contraction Muscle hardness Noninvasive measurement Pressure/displacement transducer 

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Copyright information

© IFMBE 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Horikawa
    • 1
  • S. Ebihara
    • 2
  • F. Sakai
    • 3
  • M. Akiyama
    • 4
  1. 1.Department of Bio-Medical EngineeringTokai University School of High Technology for Human WelfareShizuokaJapan
  2. 2.Health Administration CentreAoyama Gakuin UniversityTokyoJapan
  3. 3.Department of Internal MedicineKitasato UniversityKanagawaJapan
  4. 4.Fuji Bank Medical CentreTokyoJapan

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