Nonlinear effects in chromophore doped sol-gel photonic materials
- Cite this article as:
- Sun, X.D., Wang, X.J., Shan, W. et al. J Sol-Gel Sci Technol (1997) 9: 169. doi:10.1007/BF02439397
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Linear and nonlinear optical effects have been studied in chromophore-doped gel hosts. Tetra-4-sulfonatophenylporphyrinatocopper(II) (CuTPPS), and 1,3-dihydro-1,3,3-trimethylspiro[2H-indole-2,3′-[3H]-naphth[2,1-b][1,4]oxazine] (SP spirooxazine) species were entrapped within porous aluminosilicate hosts. Optical limiting effects and radiative up-conversion behavior in the CuTPPS-doped materials are described, and a six-level model is proposed based on experimental findings. Spirooxazine-containing specimens exhibiting photochromic effects were prepared, and cw and time-resolved spectroscopy methods are used to assess excited state band structures and the nature of guest-host interactions in the resultant gels.