Human Evolution

, Volume 16, Issue 2, pp 125–136 | Cite as

The ancient minoans of crete: A biodistance study

  • Manolis S. K. 


The study of cranial material is an important source of information for biological reconstruction of past human populations. Such cranial data used for solving prehistoric problems (Buikstra et al, 1990).

Cranial samples from the prehistoric population of Crete were studied to try to answer an archaeological problem (the hypothesis of the Mycenean invasion in the island during Late Bronze Age period). Historical and archaeological evidence suggests that Myceneans invaded Crete after the destroy caused by the eruption of the Thera Volcano (15th century b.C.).

The samples were analysed by Discriminant Analysis, and classification factor was the Era. It is concluded that: a) It is not abvious an entry of another population during the transitional period between NL/MM, because there is a common morphometric pattern, and b) the entrance and installation of the Myceneans during the Late Minoan period is possible because a different morphometric pattern was found. This last conclusion is in accordance with the archaeological evidence.

Key words

Craniometry Biodistance Analysis Mediterranean populations Crete 


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Copyright information

© International Institute for the Study of Man 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Manolis S. K. 
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Animal & Human Physiology Department of BiologyUniversity of AthensAthensGreece

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