Human Evolution

, Volume 1, Issue 4, pp 313–324 | Cite as

Predynastic egyptian stature and physical proportions

  • G. Robins
  • C. C. D. Shute


An attempt has been made to estimate male and female Egyptian stature from long bone length usingTrotter &Gleser negro stature formulae, previous work by the authors having shown that these rather than white formulae give more consistent results with male dynastic material. Evidence is presented that the tibia length should include the spine in the later (1958) formulae and should exclude it in the earlier (1952) formulae. It is also shown that better results are obtained if the constants in the stature formulae are modified so as to conform more exactly with the basic data published byTrotter &Gleser. When consistency has been achieved in this way, predynastic, proportions are founded to be such that distal segments of the limbs are even longer in relation to the proximal segments than they are in modern negroes. Such proportions are termed «super-negroid».

Key words

stature predynastic Ancient Egyptians «supernegroid» proportions 


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Brothwell D. R., 1981. Digging up Bones (3rd ed.). London and Oxford: British Museum, (Natural History) and Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Dupertuis C. W. &Hadden J. A. Jr., 1951.On the reconstruction of stature from long bones. American Journal of Physical Anthropology n.s., 9: 15–53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Formicola V., 1983.Stature in Italian prehistoric samples, with particular reference to methodological problems. Homo, 34: 33–47.Google Scholar
  4. Knight I., 1984. The Heights and Weights of Adults in Great Britain. London: Her Majesty’s Stationery Office.Google Scholar
  5. Pearson K., 1899.Mathematical Contributions to the Theory of Evolution 5. On the reconstruction of the stature of prehistoric races. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. A., 192: 169–244.Google Scholar
  6. Robins G., 1983.Natural and canonical proportions in ancient Egyptians. Göttinger Miszellen, 61: 17–25.Google Scholar
  7. Robins G. &Shute C. C. D., 1983.The physical proportions and living stature of New Kingdom pharaohs. Journal of Human Evolution, 12: 455–465.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Robins G. &Shute C. C. D., 1984.Estimating living stature from female skeletal remains. Göttinger Miszellen, 83: 71–76.Google Scholar
  9. Trotter M. &Gleser, G. C., 1952.Estimation of stature from long bones of American whites and negroes. American Journal of Physical Anthropology n.s., 10: 463–514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Trotter M. &Gleser G. C., 1958.A re-evaluation of stature based on measurements of stature taken during life and of long bones after death. American Journal of Physical Anthropology n.s., 16: 79–123.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Trotter M. &Gleser G. C., 1977.Corrigenda to «Estimation of stature from long limb bones of American whites and negroes», American Journal Physical Anthropology (1952). American Journal of Physical Anthropology n.s., 47: 355–356.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Warren E., 1897.An investigation of the variability of the human skeleton: with special reference to the Naqada race discovered by Professor Flinders Petrie in his explorations in Egypt. Philosophical Transaction of the Royal Society of London. B., 189: 135–227.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Editrice II Sedicesimo 1986

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Robins
    • 1
  • C. C. D. Shute
    • 1
  1. 1.Christ’s CollegeCambridgeEngland

Personalised recommendations