Human Evolution

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The history and chronology of siwalik cercopithecids

  • J. C. Barry


Cercopithecid monkeys make a comparatively late appearance in the Miocene Siwalik formations of the Indian Subcontinent. The oldest well-dated specimen is a 6.3 MY old colobine, ?Presbytis sivalensis, and it is doubtful that any cercopithecids were present in the Siwalik faunas prior to 7.0 MY, a date that is considerably later than estimates for their appearance elsewhere in Eurasia. Cercopithecines appear later than colobines. Although their temporal ranges are uncertain, cercopithecines evidently were not present before 3.2 MY and possibly not until 2.5 MY. They are represented by three species,?Macaca palaeindica, Procynocephalus subhimalayanus, andTheropithecus delsoni. In the Siwaliks the appearances of colobines and cercopithecines coincide with or follow shortly after major faunal changes that also bring other northern Eurasian and African taxa into the region.

Key words

Cercopithecids India geochronology Siwaliks Neogene 


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Copyright information

© Editrice II Sedicesimo 1987

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. C. Barry
    • 1
  1. 1.Peabody MuseumHarvard UniversityCambridgeUSA

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