Human Evolution

, Volume 13, Issue 3–4, pp 229–234 | Cite as

Human adaptations to meat eating

  • M. Henneberg
  • V. Sarafis
  • K. Mathers


It is argued that Homo sapiens is a habitual rather than a facultative meat eater. Quantitative similarity of human gut morphology to guts of carnivorous mammals, preferential absorption of haem rather than iron of plant origin, and the exclusive use of humans as the definitive host by Taenia saginata and the almost complete human specificity of T. solium are used to support the argument.


australopithecinae Tacniods parasites hominids 


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Copyright information

© International Institute for the Study of Man 1998

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Henneberg
    • 1
  • V. Sarafis
    • 2
  • K. Mathers
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Anatomical SciencesUniversity of AdelaideAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.Centre for Microscopy and MicroanalysisThe University of QueenslandBrisbaneAustralia
  3. 3.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of CaliforniaBerkeleyUSA

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