Human Evolution

, Volume 4, Issue 2–3, pp 207–215 | Cite as

Agonistic and grooming behavior of captive crowned lemurs (Lemur coronatus) during the breeding season

  • P. M. Kappeler


Captive breeding of rare and endangered prosimians may be enhanced by an increased understanding of all aspects of their seasonal mating behavior. In this study, the agonistic and grooming behaior of captiveL. coronatus were studied during their annual breeding season. Between October and March, selected aspects of agonistic and grooming behavior of four male-female groups were recorded. Males initiated significantly more allogrooming than females. The frequency of this behavior pattern increased significantly in the weeks of estrus. Females performed significantly more agonistic behavior patterns than males. The mean frequency of agonistic interactions decreased significantly during the breeding season. In successfully reproducing groups males showed much less agonism towards females, than they did in unsuccessful groups. Inter-specific comparisons demonstrated that the patterns of agonistic interactions during the breeding season are very different among closely related species of lemurids. The conclusions drawn from this study are that captive breeding of crowned lemurs may be enhanced by keeping permanent multi-male, multi-female groups.

Key words

Lemur coronatus social behavior captive breeding 


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Copyright information

© Editrice II Sedicesimo 1989

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. M. Kappeler
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Zoology and Primate CenterDuke UniversityDurhamUSA

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