The thermal conductivity of toluene and water
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A new instrument is presented to measure the thermal conductivity of polar and electrically conducting liquids based on the transient coated hot-wire method. The performance of the apparatus has been assessed with toluene and water, which are recognized as standard reference materials for nonpolar and polar fluids, respectively. New results are reported fort the thermal conductivity of these liquids between 298 and 370 K and at pressures slightly above the saturation. The results show that the instrument is capable of an accuracy better than ±0.5%, while the precision and reproducibility are better than ±0.3%.
Key wordsthermal conductivity toluene transient hot-wire water
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